And He completed them as seven heavens within two days and inspired in each heaven its command. And We adorned the nearest heaven with lamps and as protection. That is the determination of the Exalted in Might, the Knowing.
The Multiple Universes:
God Says, “So He ordained them seven heavens in two periods, and revealed in every heaven its affair; and We adorned the lower heaven with brilliant stars and (made it) to guard; that is the decree of the Mighty, the Knowing”
The Noble Koran 4☐: 2). “Do you not see how Allah has created the seven heavens, one above another” (The Noble Koran 7☐:☐5)
Therefore, it is evident from the above verses that there are seven universes (heavens) and each of the universe has different sets of natural laws.
The following excerpt is taken from “The Bible, The Quran and Science” by Maurice Bucaille pg. 140:
The terms ‘worlds’ reappears dozens of times in the Qur’an. The Heavens are referred to as multiple as well, not only on account of their plural form, but also because of their symbolic numerical quantity 7. This number is used 24 times throughout the Qur’an for various numerical quantities. It often carries the meaning of ‘many’ although we do not know exactly why this meaning of the figure was used. The Greeks and Romans also seem to have used the number 7 to mean an undefined idea of plurality. In the Qur’an, the number 7 refers to the Heavens themselves (samawat). It alone is understood to mean ‘Heavens’.
The 7 roads of the Heavens are mentioned once: –sura 2, verse 29:
“(God) is the One Who created for you all that is on the earth. Moreover He turned to the heaven and fashioned seven heavens with harmony. He is Full of Knowledge of all things.” –sura 23, verse 17:
“And We have created above you seven paths. We have never been unmindful of the Creation.”
–sura 67, verse 3:
“(God) is the One Who created seven heavens one above an other. Thou canst see no fault in the creation of the Beneficent. Turn the vision again! Canst thou see any rift?”
–sura 71, verse 15-16: “Did you see how God created seven heavens one above another and made the moon a light therein and made the sun a lamp
–sura 78, verse 12:
“We have built above you seven strong (heavens) and placed a blazing lamp.”
Here the blazing lamp is the Sun.
The commentators on the Qur’an are in agreement on all these verses: the number 7 means no more than plurality. There are therefore many Heavens and Earths, and it comes as no small surprise to the reader of the Qur’an to find that earths such as our own may be found in the Universe, a fact that has not yet been verified by man in our time.
Verse 12 of sura 65 does however predict the following:
“God is the One Who created seven heavens and of the earth (ard) a similar number. The Command descends among them so that you know that God has power over all things and comprehends all things in His knowledge.” Since 7 indicates an indefinite plurality (as we have seen), it is possible to conclude that the Qur’anic text clearly indicates the existence of more than one single Earth, our own Earth (ard); there are others like it in the Universe.
According to Al-Razi,
“It is established by evidence that there exists beyond the world a void without a terminal limit (khala’ la nihayata laha), and it is established as well by evidence that God Most High has power over all contingent beings (al-mumkinat ). Therefore He the Most High has the power (qadir ) to create a thousand thousand worlds (alfa alfi ‘awalim) beyond this world such that each one of those worlds be bigger and more massive than this world as well as having the like of what this world has of the throne (al-arsh), the chair (al-kursiyy), the heavens (al-samawat ) and the earth (al-ard ), and the sun (al-shams) and the moon (al-qamar ). The arguments of the philosophers (dala’il al-falasifah) for establishing that the world is one are weak, flimsy arguments founded upon feeble premises.” (Fakhr al-Din al-Razi on physics and the nature of the physical world: a preliminary survey.)
Bucaille, Dr. Maurice. The Bible, the Qu’ran and Science: The Holy Scriptures Examined in the Light of Modern Knowledge (p. 100). Unknown. Kindle Edition.
Rahman,Dr. Md. Anisur. Quran and Modern Science (pp. 52-53). Unknown. Kindle Edition.
Razi. THE GREAT EXEGESIS al-Tafsīr al-Kabīr. (p. 5-6). http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/THE_GREAT_EXEGESIS_Volume_I_The_Fatih_a.pdf