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Covenant of the Children of Israel

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Schopin, Frederic; The Children of Israel Crossing the Red Sea; Bristol Museums, Galleries & Archives;

Quran 2:83:

And [recall] when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them], “Do not worship except Allah ; and to parents do good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy. And speak to people good [words] and establish prayer and give zakah.” Then you turned away, except a few of you, and you were refusing.

The following quotations are taken from Abdul Majid Daryabadi’s Tafsir Vol 1 pg. 56:

(Do not worship except Allah):

The Old Testament:

‘And God spake all these words saying, I am the Lord thy God…. Thou shalt have no gods before me.’ (Exodus 20: 1-3)

‘The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb… I am the Lord Thy God… Thou shalt have none other gods before me.’ (Deuteronomy 5:2, 6:7)

‘Hear O Israel: the Lord God is our God… Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him… ye shall not go after other gods.’ (Deuteronomy (6: 4, 13, 14)

(and to parents do good)

‘Honor thy father and mother.’ (Exodus 20:12, Deuteronomy 5:16)

(and to relatives, orphans and the needy)

‘Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.’ (Deuteronomy 15:11)

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