Mon. Oct 14th, 2019

Islamic Web Library

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The Fall of Adam (part 1: Before Creation)

13 min read

I have borrowed the following ideas from the book:

Sadiq, Ali Abubakar. Science and Scriptures: Friends or Foes?: Marrying science and religion in the quest for meaning . Kindle Edition.


The story of Adam can be told in two main parts:

  1. Before Creation
  2. After Creation

Before Creation:

According to “Science and Scriptures: Friends or Foes?”,

‘Prior to the physical conception of life on this planet, God created every individual soul and existing in a different plane (The immaterial plane) As God says Q7:172 “When thy lord drew forth from the children of Adam from their lions-their descendants and made them testify concerning themselves (Saying) “Am I not your lord (who cherish and sustains you? They said “yea! We do testify” So every individual soul had collectively testified to the sovereignty of God in their former plane.’

Moreover,

‘If we look into the narratives of both the Old Testament and the Qur’an we will realize the creation story is being told in two versions, before the fall (spiritual/immaterial) and after the fall (physical/material).

Prior to fall, the two forces of good and evil were in rivalry, as God said in the Qur’an 38:69 “Also say: “I have no knowledge of that time when the exalted chiefs disputed among themselves”

The crisis only reached climax when Man was created. God (representing good) warned the spiritual side of man to be wary of Satan (The king of evil). Q20:117-9 “Then we said” O Adam! Verily this Satan is an enemy to thee and thy wife. So let him not get you both out of the garden, so that you are landed in misery. There is therein (enough provision) for thee not to go hungry, nor naked, nor suffer from thirst, nor from the suns heat”

Man was given a limited free will, to choose from the two and Satan began to campaign: Q20:120 “But Satan whispered evil to him he said “0 Adam shall I lead you to the tree of eternity and to a kingdom that never decays” (40) And in the Bible it was like this: Genesis 3:4-5 “And the serpent (Satan) said unto the woman, ye surely shall not die: for God know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened and you shall be as gods knowing good and evil” (41) God has forbidden the collective soul from approaching the evil tree, but cunningly Satan is here telling the collective souls the aroma of eternal life. Seduced, man became the victim of the power play between God (The absolute creator) and Satan (the challenger). God decided to expel them both from the garden down to earth to see if Satan can uphold his claim as being able to be God himself. The ability to do good means nothing without the freedom to do evil. The Earth becomes the battle field between God, Satan and Man, but God made it a level playing field by bestowing us (Human’s) through the evolutionary process consciousness to be able to distinguish between right and wrong and choose freely. On the other hand Satan became the architect of evil as he, at every turn commands our souls to do and act evil in defiance of God.’

The Plane

God says Q20:117-9 “Then we said” O Adam! Verily this Satan is an enemy to thee and thy wife. So let him not get you both out of the garden, so that you are landed in misery. There is therein (enough provision) for thee not to go hungry, nor naked, nor suffer from thirst, nor from the suns heat”

Here the Lord is addressing Adam in the former plane before his expulsion and condemnation to the lower plane. The former plane is immaterial thus it is not governed by all the physical laws. In that plane Adam need not eat for there is no hunger, had no physical body to suffer nakedness, will not get thirsty and being not existing in physical plane the sun’s heat is out of the question. The provisions in the Garden provides for perpetual spiritual contentment and endless bliss. In that plane, man existed in his pure state with pristine qualities devoid of any evil tendencies. God warns him to keep on like that and be not prone to any evil or it may cause his fall into the lower plane (the physical plane). The advice was unheeded and man succumbs to Evil forces (Satan), which led to his expulsions to the lower plane, where if he purges the evils by restraints it will earn him re-admittance into the original station. Contrary to popular belief by some Jewish, Christian and Muslim the Garden of Eden was not a physical sensuous garden somewhere in the Middle East. It is a spiritual state beyond the temporal. Q47: 15 “Here is a parable of the garden which the righteous are promised. In it are rivers of water incorruptible; Rivers of milk of which the taste never changes. Rivers of wine joy to those who drink and rivers of honey pure and clear. In it are for them all kinds of fruits”

It is part of our nature to visualize things that we don’t know or cannot understand to those that we know (Imagine yourself trying to explain to a young boy who is blind all his life, the brightly colored pattern of a peacock).What God is trying to tell us is, the collective soul of all human beings was created and living in a spiritual garden. Adam is not a man but rather is the symbol of all men,

Adam represents the fountain of our dual existence viz spiritual and physical. That is why God told us in Q7:11 “It is we who created you and gave you shape; then we bade the angels Bow down to Adam, and they bowed down” In this verse God, interchangeably, used the pronoun “you” in the plural meaning all beings and the word “Adam” representing them. It is after the spiritual creation of all soul that God calls the collective souls as Adam. These collective souls were living in an immaterial plane, not the sensuous paradise as depicted by religious scholars.

Satan and Angels

What does the two terms really signify? Most people visualize Angels and Satan as creatures of fantasy. If one look at the various verses in the Scriptures will easily conclude they represent the two opposing forces of evil and good. As the former verse says all the angels agreed to bow down to us while Satan refused. The obedience of the angels by bowing down to us symbolizes their role in being the agency responsible for our protection and commanding our souls at every turn to do good. Angels are the inherent good nature of all beings, thus they represents the forces of good. That is why God told us in Q82:10-12 “But verily over you are appointed Angels to protect you, kind and honorable writing your deeds, they know and understand all that you do” This is virtually the picture of the roles of angels by being subservient to human spiritual development. On the other hand Satan refused to tow in line with his colleagues instead became the champion of evil deeds. Unlike the angels he is the inherent evil nature of all creatures thus representing the evil forces. God says in Q4:79 “Whatever evil happen to you, is from your own soul” (61) This verse is telling us that the king of evil is part and parcel of our souls. In one of the sayings of Prophet Muhammad he said, “Satan runs through every person’s vein, the way blood runs through” After the creation of our collective souls, the two forces struggles to win us over. Man being created from the spirit of God is inherently good but Satan cunning misled him. At every turn the two opposing forces commands our souls to follow them as they are entwined in our own souls.

Man was given a limited free will, to choose from the two and Satan began to campaign Q20:120 “But Satan whispered evil to him he said “O Adam shall I lead you to the tree of eternity and to a kingdom that never decays” (63) And in the Bible it was like this Genesis 3:4-5 “And the serpent (Satan) said unto the woman, ye surely shall not die: for God know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened and you shall be as gods knowing good and evil” (64) God has forbidden the collective soul from approaching the evil tree, but cunningly Satan is here telling the collective souls.

God has forbidden the collective soul from approaching the evil tree, but cunningly Satan is here telling the collective souls the aroma of eternal life. Seduced, man became the victim of the power play between God (The absolute creator) and Satan (the challenger). God decided to expel them both from the garden down to earth to see if Satan can uphold his claim as being able to be God.

It is at this juncture that God told the Angels of his plans. Q2:30 Behold thy lord said to the Angels “I will create a vicegerent on earth” they said “will you place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood? While we do celebrate your praises and glorify thy holy name?

it is obvious for the Angels that our collective souls, which were hesitant to the absolute authority of God in his presence at the Garden of Eden, what will make them be subservient to God’s will on earth? So God replied them 2:30-31 “He (God) said “I know what you know not” And he taught Adam the nature of all things; then he placed them before the Angels, and said “tell me the nature of these if you are right”.

God showed the Angels the blue print of all the creatures he has destined to emerge from Adam, It became apparent to the Angels that not all creatures will testify to the God-head of Satan, some will rank higher than anything before them. The Angels submit thus Q2:32 “They said “Glory to thee: of knowledge we have none save what you has taught us” (67) The Angels were not only convinced but were marvelled at the process they were shown that will transform this planet. In fact they were astounded.

Sadiq, Ali Abubakar. Science and Scriptures: Friends or Foes?: Marrying science and religion in the quest for meaning . Kindle Edition.