Sat. Nov 28th, 2020

Islamic Web Library

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Stars and Planets

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The following excerpt is taken from “The Quran and Modern Science” by Maurice Bucaille:

Stars and Planets

The word ‘star’ (najm) in the Quran (86:3) is accompanied by the adjective thaaqib which indicates that it burns and consumes itself as it pierces through the shadows of the night. It was much later discovered that stars are heavenly bodies producing their own light like the sun.

In the Quran, a different word, kawkab, is used to refer to the planets which are celestial bodies that reflect light and do not produce their own light like the sun.

“We have adorned the lowest heaven with ornaments, the planets” Quran 37:6

{And it is He Who created the stars for you, that you may be guided by them in the darkness of land and sea. We thus explain the revelations for people who know.} [Quran Ch6 – V97]

The following excerpt is taken from “Maariful Quran” Vol 3 pg. 420:

“(And He is the one who made for you the stars, so that you may be
guided by them in ‘darknesses’ of the land and the sea). In other
words, it is being said here that there are other stars too, besides the
sun and the moon, which are no less unique a manifestation of the perfect power of Almighty Allah. Out of many considerations of Divine
wisdom, one immediate benefit they provide for human beings travelling on high seas or open lands is that they can chart their course in
the darkness of nights when it is not easy to do so. Experience bears
out that even in the days of highly sophisticated guiding systems,
there are alternative situations when the guidance from the position of
stars cannot be totally ignored.
The point made in this verse is that one should rise above heedlessness and shortsightedness and see that these stars are also there
observing the command of their maker and mover. They are there neither by themselves nor to be there nor to keep doing what they do for
ever. Those who have pinned their sights on them and have ignored to
look at their maker are terribly short-sighted, and ominously deceived
indeed”

References:

Abd-Allah, Muhamed. 323 Verses on Science in the Quran . Kindle Edition.

Bucaille, Maurice (1976). The Quran and Modern Science.

Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .3 pg. 420). http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/Maarif-volum3-english.pdf