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The 5 Pillars of Islam in the Bible – The Fourth Pillar (Fasting during Ramadan)

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4. Fasting during Ramadan—Saum

During the holy month of Ramadan, the ninth month in the Islamic calendar, Muslims are expected to fast from dawn to dusk. While there are exceptions made for the sick, elderly, and pregnant, all are expected to refrain from eating and drinking during daylight hours.

Quran 2:183:

O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint,-

As it was prescribed: this does not mean that
the Muslim fast is like the other fasts previously
observed, in the number of days, in the time or manner
of the fast, or in other incidents; it only means that the
principle of self-denial by fasting is not a new one. (The Holy Quran: Text, Translation and Commentary pg. 72 note 188)

(Excerpt taken from Khan Academy)

Equivalent in the Bible:

Matthew 4:1-4:

Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. The tempter came to him and said, “If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.”

Jesus answered, “It is written: ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.’


Alternate Views:

Fasting of Ramadan is Not an Obligation – YouTube

References:

(Link)

Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. (Surah 2 verse 183). Microsoft Word – 002 Baqarah.doc (quran4u.com)