Sat. Nov 28th, 2020

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The Perfect Man: ‘Soul of Soul’ or ‘The Divine Spirit’

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The following excerpt is taken from “Maariful Quran” by Mufti Taqi Usmani Surah Naziat pg. 697:

The human soul is a refined body which permeates the dense material body. The [ancient] doctors and philosophers called it as ruh or soul. But the real spirit is an abstract substance and a subtle divine creature connected in a special way with this physical soul or nafs, the life of which is dependent on the Divine Spirit. The pure, abstract and non-material spirit is the life of the first soul on which depends the life of the body, and therefore it is called the ‘soul of soul’. The real nature of the connection between these two kinds of soul is not known to anyone. It is known to Allah alone. Perhaps an illustration would clarify the matter. If we were to hold a mirror against the sun, then, despite that the sun is 149.6 million kilometres away from the earth, its reflection comes into the mirror. And because of the light, that too starts glowing like the sun. The same thing applies to the human soul. If it exerts itself in spiritual struggle and ascetic discipline in keeping with the teachings of [Divine] revelation, he will be enlightened. Otherwise he would be polluted with the bad effects of the physical body.

For details see the following excerpt:

The Soul of Soul – (Maariful Quran vol 5 pg. 303-305)

“The Perfect Man is, thus, that individual human being who realizes in himself the reality of the saying that man is created in God’s
image, who combines in his microcosmic selfhood both the macrocosmic object and divine consciousness, being that heart which, microcosmically, contains all things essentially, and in which the Reality
eternally rediscovers Its wholeness.” (The Bezels of Wisdom, Ibn Arabi, Translated by R.W.J. Austin, pg. 35)

References:

Austin, Ralph. (1980).Fusus al Hikam. (p. 35) http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/Ibn_Arabi__Ralph_Austin_The_Bezels_of_Wisdom.pdf

Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .8 pg. 697). http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/maarif-volume8-english.pdf