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Single Origin Model of Modern Humans (Out of Africa Theory)

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The following excerpt is taken from “Islam, A Scientific View of God’s Message to Humanity, in English with Arabic Texts” pg. 88:

Homo Sapiens, or modern “wise humans,” appeared about 100 thousand years ago in Africa and the Middle East. By about 30,000 years ago, Homo sapiens became the only remaining members of genus Homo. Their skull lacked a heavy brow ridge and had a distinct chin.

There are two competing hypotheses about the origin of modern Homo sapiens. The first is called out-of-Africa, through which researchers argue that Homo sapiens originated in Africa about 200,000 – 100,000 years ago, then spread to the Middle East, Asia, then to Europe.

The second is the multi-regional hypothesis, on the basis of which researchers argue that Homo Erectus spread around the world, then geographical isolation allowed evolution to modern humans. These groups continued to interact and interbreed with one-another, which prevented a complete reproduction isolation, but leading to the present day human regional variations El-Najjar (p. 88)

The following excerpt is taken from the article “Adam and Eve’s Origin: A Theory Harmonising Scientific Evidence with the Qur’anic Text” by Daud Abdul-Fattah pg. 494:

“Most investigators agree that our species arose in Africa and subsequently spread out to occupy much of Eurasia. Researchers have argued that populations expanded along the Indian Ocean rim at about 60,000 years during a single rapid dispersal event, probably employing a coastal route towards Australasia”

The following excerpt is taken from “The Story of Creation in the Qur’an: A Sufi Interpretation” by Shaykh Fadhlalla pg. 98:

“Modern human beings have emerged from one blueprint some two hundred thousand years ago. During the past hundred thousand years there have been numerous waves of homo sapiens radiating out of Asia, Africa, the Mediterranean basin and further afield.”

The following excerpt is taken from “Human Evolution: An Illustrated Introduction” by Roger Lewin pg. 200:

“Modern human origin has come under the scrutiny of molecular
genetic analysis more than any other topic in anthropology, including
the origin of the hominin clade, which was its first target. In the two
decades of work on this topic, two things have become clear. First, the
analysis of genetic data is more challenging than was once thought.
Second, the picture that emerges from several realms of genetic analysis shows the pattern of origin and dispersal of modern humans was
probably more complex than is inferred from anatomical evidence.
Nevertheless, the weight of genetic evidence favors the out-of-Africa
model, but probably with multiple dispersals rather than one.”

The following excerpt is taken from “The Meaning of the Holy Qur’an in Today’s English” by Yahiya Emerick pg. 827:

“Archeologists and anthropologists have concluded that hundreds of thousands of years ago the highlands of East Africa were lush jungles and that our remote ancestors lived in that region as it underwent climate change, causing our ancestors to scatter down from there and spread all over the globe.”

“There is evidence that all human beings (the descendants of Adam and Eve) were at one time living in close proximity to each other in Africa, and then they scattered away over the four corners of the earth due to environmental pressure. Linguists have also shown that all languages in the world today have certain similarities and that this points to a common tongue that our ancestors shared in the distant past. Languages as
diverse as ancient Sanskrit (from India), Greek (from Europe), and Native American Indian languages have been shown to be drawn from a common primordial root. Researchers have estimated that this more unified ‘proto-language’ existed some 15,000 or more years ago, and it has been dubbed Nostratic. (Lost Civilisations of the Stone Age, by R. Rudgley, 1998) These earliest people had one way of life based on the natural religion of God. Tribal messengers were chosen by God, and they taught their people the proper way to live (for that time).” (Ibid, note 184)

“Science has accepted that all living human beings that exist today are from the same lineage going back into the earliest days of our common ancestors.” (Ibid, pg. 827)

The following excerpt is taken from “Islamic Theory of Evolution” by T.O. Shanavas pg. 166-167:

“Finally, the name bestowed by the Quran on the first perfect human being is highly significant. The name “Adam” is derived from two Arabic root words, adim and udama. Adim means surface of the earth, and udama means dark-complexioned. The literal meaning of Adam, therefore, is a dark-skinned person who lives on the surface of the earth. This, too, supports the idea that Adam was created on earth and not in Paradise, and was of African origin.”

“Adam’s mate was Eve, or Hawwa.  The name Hawwa in Arabic means two things: the source of life (also the same meaning in Hebrew); and a dark, ruddy brown complexion.  If we assume that the earliest humans existed in an earthly Eden located somewhere in East Africa, the description fits – her skin tone was ruddy brown.  Coincidentally, the name Adam means these three things: man (he was the first), ground (he was created ‘from dust’), and ruddiness or deep brown redness (to his complexion).” (The Holy Quran in Today’s English, pg. 829)


Daud Abdul-Fattah Batchelor (2017) Adam and Eve’s Origin: A Theory Harmonising Scientific Evidence with the Qur’anic Text, Theology and Science, 15:4, 490-508, DOI: 10.1080/14746700.2017.1369762

El-Najjar, Hassan. Islam, A Scientific View of God’s Message to Humanity, in English with Arabic Texts (p. 88). . Kindle Edition.

Emerick, Yahiya. The Meaning of the Holy Qur’an in Today’s English (p. 827). Unknown. Kindle Edition.

Emerick, Yahiya. The Meaning of the Holy Qur’an in Today’s English (p. 829). Unknown. Kindle Edition.

Haeri, Shaykh Fadhlalla. The Story of Creation in the Qur’an: A Sufi Interpretation (p. 98). Zahra Publications. Kindle Edition.

Lewin, Roger (1984). Human Evolution: An Illustrated Introduction(pg. 200)

Shanavas, T.O. (2005). Islamic Theory of Evolution: The Missing Link between Darwin and the Origin of Species. (p. 166-167).

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