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Establish the salah, the zakah and bow with those who bow

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Qurn 2:43:

And establish prayer and give zakah and bow with those who bow [in worship and obedience].

The following excerpt is taken from “The Quran with Annotated Interpretation” pg. 83-84:

The Qur’ān orders the Children of Israel to pray—not their own prayer, which lacks
the rite of bowing, for they must have changed it during their long history – but, rather,
the Prayer God taught the Muslims through the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace
and blessings. The Qur’ān draws particular attention to the bowing ( rukū‘` ) in the Prayer.
This tells us that bowing has a special importance in the Prayer, and because of this, every
cycle of the Prayer is called rak‘ah , a word derived from the same root as rukū‘. In addition,
the verse is alluding to the importance of establishing the Prescribed Prayer in congregation, which is both a means and an expression of the solidarity and unity of Muslims. This is a warning against forming separate congregations on the basis of differences of opinion about minor legal or other secondary matters. The verse is also inviting the Children of Israel to join the Muslim community. We can infer from this verse that they had become
negligent about the duties of the Prayer and the Prescribed Purifying Alms (the Zakāh ).
The latter is a tax at fixed rate in proportion to the value of property or wealth above a
certain minimum, and its proper expenditure is decreed in 9: 60.

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Angels keep on descending from and ascending to the Heaven in turn, some at night and some by daytime, and all of them assemble together at the time of the Fajr and `Asr prayers. Then those who have stayed with you over-night, ascent unto Allah Who asks them, and He knows the answer better than they, “How have you left My slaves?” They reply, “We have left them praying as we found them praying.” If anyone of you says “Amin” (during the Prayer at the end of the recitation of Surat-al-Faitiha), and the angels in Heaven say the same, and the two sayings coincide, all his past sins will be forgiven.”


Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 3223
In-book reference : Book 59, Hadith 34
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 4, Book 54, Hadith 446
  (deprecated numbering scheme)

Unal, Ali (2006). The Quran with Annotated Interpretation in Modern English. (p. 83-84)

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