Then I swear by the setting of the stars, And indeed, it is an oath – if you could know – [most] great.
The following excerpt is taken from “Quran: A Reformist Translation” by Edip Yuksel under the commentary of the above verses:
Our universe consists of billions of galaxies, each containing billions of stars. Each of these heavenly bodies that we are even unable to count, move in orbits determined by the same explosion and by the same universal laws of gravity. The more our knowledge of astronomy and cosmology increases, the more we appreciate the meaning of this oath. Can the expression “the place of stars” refer to black holes?
The following excerpt is taken from “Study Quran” under the commentary of the above verses:
“The places where the stars descend most likely refers to the time, place, or manner in which celestial bodies set or to the stations of the stars referred to in 85:1 and 25:61 (R, Ṭ). It can also be taken as a reference to the fading of the stars on the Day of Judgment (see 81:2; R, Ṭ)”
The following excerpt is taken from “The Quran with Annotated Interpretation” by Ali Unal pg. 1034-1035:
“Modern interpreters of the Qur’ān assert that by the locations of the stars, the Qur’ān alludes to the white holes (quasars) and black holes in the sky. These are the locations of stars that have, to date, been found in the universe. Quasars store incredible amounts of energy, enough to form galaxies (assemblages of billions of stars). As for the black holes, they form as a result of the collapse of a star. They cannot be seen but are recognized by the fact that they devour all radiation and stars that pass nearby, and cause an indirect emission of gamma rays and x-rays, and by the fact that time is suddenly dilated in its vicinity. These star locations are regions of gravitational shock or collapse and of equilibrium in the universe.”
Unal, Ali (2006). The Quran with Annotated Interpretation in Modern English. (p.1034-1035) http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/07/The-quran-with-annotated-interpretation-.pdf
Yuksel, Edip. Quran: a Reformist Translation (Koran, Kuran in Modern English) (p. 341). Brainbow Press. Kindle Edition.
Nasr, Hossein (2015). Study Quran. http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/TheStudyQuran.pdf