The Cosmological Argument: Rational proof of Allah (God)

The following is taken from “The Case for Allah’s Existence in the Quran and Sunnah” pg. 14-16, 18:

Allah said:
Have they not thought about their own selves? God did not
create the heavens and earth and everything between them
without a serious purpose and an appointed time, yet many
people deny that they will meet their Lord. (Quran 30:8)


Our intuition and experience tell us that effects have causes; things come
to be because something made them that way. Since the universe is one
giant series of causes and effects, it is reasonable to conclude that it had an
original cause that set it all in motion.

Allah said:
Were they created out of nothing? Were they the creators? Did
they create the heavens and the earth? No! They do not have
faith. (52:35-36)

These verses posit three possibilities:

1) the universe appeared without any
agent to bring it into existence,

2) people created themselves, or by
implication

3) the universe must have been created.

The first two propositions are impossible. It could not be the case that the
universe appeared from nothing without any reason, purpose, or force to
inject it with its energy and direction. Everyday experience informs us that
all things we witness in life, every effect we see, must have an explanation
at some level. The second proposition, that people created themselves, can
be dismissed on its face. As such, the only reasonable conclusion is that
the universe was caused – it was created – it was made to exist by
something greater and more powerful than itself.

Scholars derive from these verses and others a logical train of thought,
sometimes referred to as the cosmological argument, which determines
that God, as the uncaused cause or first cause, is the most reasonable
answer to the existential question.


İsmail Latif Hacınebioğlu summarizes the logic of the argument in the
following steps:

  1. Everything in the universe that has a beginning must have a cause.
  2. The universe began to exist.
  3. Therefore the beginning of the existence of the universe must have
    been caused by something.
  4. The only such cause must be an uncaused cause, or God

Those who deny the existence of the Creator attempt to challenge the a
priori premise that the universe has a definite beginning. Their argument is
that the universe has always existed in an endless series of causes, or an
infinite regression, without the need for a first cause to set it in motion.
Besides being counter-intuitive – as all things we experience in life had a
beginning at some point – modern physics and cosmology now largely
accepts the premise of the cosmological argument as fact. The “big bang”
theory postulates that the universe began from a singularity somewhere
between 12 and 14 billion years ago.

References:

Parott, Justin. The Case for Allah’s Existence in the Quran and Sunnah. (p. 14-16, 18). https://www.islamicweblibrary.com/2019/12/21/the-case-for-allahs-existence-in-the-quran-and-sunnah/

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