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(Allah hath set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing, and on their eyes is a veil; great is the penalty they (incur).)

“A reference to the natural law instituted by God, whereby a person who persistently
adheres to false beliefs and refuses to listen to the voice of truth gradually loses
the ability to perceive the truth, “so that finally, as it were, a seal is set upon
his heart” (Raghib). Since it is God who has instituted all laws of nature – which, in
their aggregate, are called sunnat Allah (“the way of God”) – this “sealing” is
attributed to Him: but it is obviously a consequence of man’s free choice and not an
act of “predestination”. Similarly, the suffering which, in the life to come, is in
store for those who during their life in this world have wilfully remained deaf and
blind to the truth, is a natural consequence of their free choice – just as happiness
in the life to come is the natural consequence of man’s endeavour to attain to
righteousness and inner illumination. It is in this sense that the Qur’anic references
to God’s “reward” and “punishment” must be understood.” (The Message of the Quran , pg. 15)

References:

Asad, Muhammad (1980). The Message of the Quran. http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/55877864-54484011-Message-of-Quran-Muhammad-Asad-Islam-Translation.pdf

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