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Say: Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel-for he brings down the (revelation) to thy heart by Allah’s will, a confirmation of what went before, and guidance and glad tidings for those who believe,-

Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and messengers, to Gabriel and Michael,- Lo! Allah is an enemy to those who reject Faith.

Malâ’ik كِ َ
لائَم) َplu. Angels) are part of the systems through
which Allâh executes His Will, both in the physical and the spiritual
worlds. They are message bearers and agents of the All-Mighty King
(Mâlik), not ghosts or spirits, but symbols of some Divine Laws we
are unaware of it. In the physical world they are the medium, which
form a link in a chain of laws governing nature. The Arch-Angel
Mîkâla ال َ يك َم ِor Michael is the highest in rank in the realm of elements
and of bodies. In the spiritual world, the Archangel Gabriel يل َ ر ِبْجِ
occupies the highest rank (2:97). The inspiration people receive to do
righteous deeds and the inner impulse people experience that moves
their minds to do good and shun evil, are the works of Gabriel. Belief
in angels means turning a good thought into action. By ignoring this
thought, a person loses the chance to do good, and by repeatedly
ignoring such impulses and thoughts, the person moves away from the
path of virtue. Therefore, belief in angels is an essential part of the
Islamic religion. The enemy of Gabriel would refer to rejecters
(disbelievers) of the Divine Revelations. (Exegesis-of-the-Holy-Quran-Commentary-and-Reflections, pg. 367)

References:

NOORUDDÎN ,ALLÂMAH. (2015). Exegesis of The Holy Qur’ân Commentary and Reflections. (p. 367). http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Exegesis-of-the-Holy-Quran-Commentary-and-Reflections.pdf

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