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Say: Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel-for he brings down the (revelation) to thy heart by Allah’s will, a confirmation of what went before, and guidance and glad tidings for those who believe,-

Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and messengers, to Gabriel and Michael,- Lo! Allah is an enemy to those who reject Faith.

Malâ’ik كِ َ
لائَم) َplu. Angels) are part of the systems through
which Allâh executes His Will, both in the physical and the spiritual
worlds. They are message bearers and agents of the All-Mighty King
(Mâlik), not ghosts or spirits, but symbols of some Divine Laws we
are unaware of it. In the physical world they are the medium, which
form a link in a chain of laws governing nature. The Arch-Angel
Mîkâla ال َ يك َم ِor Michael is the highest in rank in the realm of elements
and of bodies. In the spiritual world, the Archangel Gabriel يل َ ر ِبْجِ
occupies the highest rank (2:97). The inspiration people receive to do
righteous deeds and the inner impulse people experience that moves
their minds to do good and shun evil, are the works of Gabriel. Belief
in angels means turning a good thought into action. By ignoring this
thought, a person loses the chance to do good, and by repeatedly
ignoring such impulses and thoughts, the person moves away from the
path of virtue. Therefore, belief in angels is an essential part of the
Islamic religion. The enemy of Gabriel would refer to rejecters
(disbelievers) of the Divine Revelations. (Exegesis-of-the-Holy-Quran-Commentary-and-Reflections, pg. 367)


Narrated Anas:

`Abdullah bin Salam heard the news of the arrival of Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) (at Medina) while he was on a farm collecting its fruits. So he came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said, “I will ask you about three things which nobody knows unless he be a prophet. Firstly, what is the first portent of the Hour? What is the first meal of the people of Paradise? And what makes a baby look like its father or mother?’. The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Just now Gabriel has informed me about that.” `Abdullah said, “Gabriel?” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “Yes.” `Abdullah said, “He, among the angels is the enemy of the Jews.” On that the Prophet (ﷺ) recited this Holy Verse:– “Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel (let him die in his fury!) for he has brought it (i.e. Qur’an) down to your heart by Allah’s permission.” (2.97) Then he added, “As for the first portent of the Hour, it will be a fire that will collect the people from the East to West. And as for the first meal of the people of Paradise, it will be the caudite (i.e. extra) lobe of the fish liver. And if a man’s discharge proceeded that of the woman, then the child resembles the father, and if the woman’s discharge proceeded that of the man, then the child resembles the mother.” On hearing that, `Abdullah said, “I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that you are the Messenger of Allah, O, Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ); the Jews are liars, and if they should come to know that I have embraced Islam, they would accuse me of being a liar.” In the meantime some Jews came (to the Prophet) and he asked them, “What is `Abdullah’s status amongst you?” They replied, “He is the best amongst us, and he is our chief and the son of our chief.” The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “What would you think if `Abdullah bin Salam embraced Islam?” They replied, “May Allah protect him from this!” Then `Abdullah came out and said, “I testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.” The Jews then said, “Abdullah is the worst of us and the son of the worst of us,” and disparaged him. On that `Abdullah said, “O Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ)! This is what I was afraid of!”

References:

Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 4480
In-book reference : Book 65, Hadith 7
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 6, Book 60, Hadith 7
  (deprecated numbering scheme)

NOORUDDÎN ,ALLÂMAH. (2015). Exegesis of The Holy Qur’ân Commentary and Reflections. (p. 367). http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Exegesis-of-the-Holy-Quran-Commentary-and-Reflections.pdf

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