And fight them on until there is no more Tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith in Allah; but if they cease, Let there be no hostility except to those who practise oppression.
The prohibited month for the prohibited month,- and so for all things prohibited,- there is the law of equality. If then any one transgresses the prohibition against you, Transgress ye likewise against him. But fear Allah, and know that Allah is with those who restrain themselves.
- When the Holy Prophet S decided to travel to Makkah in the
year 7 A.H. to perform his qada’ ‘Umrah as envisaged in the peace
treaty of Hudaybiyyah; his Companions who were to accompany him
knew that disbelievers could not be trusted with treaties, or peace. It
was quite possible that they may start fighting. Now, the blessed
Companions had a problem before them. They thought if this fighting
came, it would have to be within the sacred precincts of Makkah,
which is not permissible in Islam. This doubt was answered in Verse
191 by stating that the sanctity of the sacred precincts of Makkah
must certainly be observed by Muslims, but should the disbelievers
start to fight within the sacred limits, then, it is permissible for them
to fight back in defence.
- The second problem that bothered the noble Companions was
about the month, which was Dhul-Qa’dah, being one of the four known
as the ‘sacred months’ wherein fighting anyone anywhere was not
permissibe. Now, the Muslims thought if the disbelievers of Makkah
started fighting against them how could Muslims fight a defensive
battle during a ‘sacred month’? The verse under reference (194) was
revealed to answer this doubt. The answer is that, the way a state of
defence grants an exception to observing the sanctity of the Haram of
Makkah, in the same manner, it allows an exception to observing the
sanctity of the ‘sacred months’ also.
Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .1 pg. 486) http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/maarif-volum1-english.pdf