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Those who believed and those who suffered exile and fought (and strove and struggled) in the path of Allah,- they have the hope of the Mercy of Allah: And Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.

Asad writes,

“The expression alladhina hajaru (lit., “those who have forsaken their homelands”) denotes,
primarily, the early Meccan Muslims who migrated at the Prophet’s bidding to Medina – which
was then called Yathrib – in order to be able to live in freedom and in accordance with the
dictates of Islam. After the conquest of Mecca by the Muslims in the year 8 H., this exodus
(hijrah) from Mecca to Medina ceased to be a religious obligation. Ever since the earliest days
of Islam, however, the term hijrah has had a spiritual connotation as well-namely, a “forsaking
of the domain of evil” and turning towards God: and since this spiritual connotation applies
both to the historical muhajirun (“emigrants”) of early Islam and to all believers of later
times who forsake all that is sinful and “migrate unto God”, I am using this expression
frequently” (pg. 70)

References:

Asad, Muhammad (1980). The Message of the Quran. (pg. 70) http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/55877864-54484011-Message-of-Quran-Muhammad-Asad-Islam-Translation.pdf

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