They ask thee concerning wine and gambling. Say: “In them is great sin, and some profit, for men; but the sin is greater than the profit.” They ask thee how much they are to spend; Say: “What is beyond your needs.” Thus doth Allah Make clear to you His Signs: In order that ye may consider-
Yahiya Emerick writes,
“Background on verse 219:
‘Umar ibn al-Khattab (d. 644) and Mu’adh ibn Jabal asked the Prophet to give the community a definite ruling on intoxicants, pointing out that imbibing them caused drunkenness and debauchery. This verse was revealed to the Prophet, causing ‘Umar to ask for more clarification. Later on in Medina, verse 4:43 was revealed forbidding praying while drunk. Some time after that, ‘Umar asked for an even more definitive injunction, and verses 5:90-91 were revealed, forbidding all intoxicants categorically. (Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi)”
“Paul wrote in I Timothy 5:23 that Christians should prefer drinking wine instead of water because wine can be good for the health. Modern medicine has indeed found that there are certain chemical components called antioxidants in red wine that are healthful; yet, similar antioxidant qualities can be found in regular red grapes and its juice, and the humble açaí berry has more antioxidants than red wine! When one adds up the extreme negatives of alcoholic beverages, which include drunkenness, accidental killings, liver disease, birth defects, child and spousal abuse and the like – all aided and abetted by liquor – then it’s true that its harm is greater than its benefit! The evils of liquor have led some Christians to forbid it altogether, in defiance of Paul. (The Christian Temperance Movement even succeeded in getting intoxicants banned in the United States for a number of years in the era of Prohibition from 1920 to 1933.)”
Emerick, Yahiya. The Meaning of the Holy Qur’an in Today’s English (p. 76, 829). Unknown. Kindle Edition.