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(Charity is) for those in need, who, in Allah’s cause are restricted (from travel), and cannot move about in the land, seeking (For trade or work): the ignorant man thinks, because of their modesty, that they are free from want. Thou shalt know them by their (Unfailing) mark: They beg not importunately from all the sundry. And whatever of good ye give, be assured Allah knoweth it well.

The real beneficiaries of charity are here indicated. They
must be in want. And the want must be due to some
honorable cause. For example, they may be doing some
unpaid service, such as teaching, or acquiring knowledge
or skill, or be in exile for their faith, or in other ways be
prevented from seeking employment or doing strenuous
work.
“Allah’s cause” must not be narrowly interpreted. All
sincere and real service to humanity comes within the
definition, as well as actual devotion to religion or to the
righteous Imam. Such men do not beg from door to
door. It is the duty of those who are well-to-do, or of the
Public Purse, to find them out. (R).

References:

Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. (pg. 196). Microsoft Word – 002 Baqarah.doc (quran4u.com)

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