O ye who believe! Persevere in patience and constancy; vie in such perseverance; strengthen each other; and fear Allah; that ye may prosper.
This, last verse of the sūrah, sums up all the basic instructions that the Muslims needed to discharge their obligations with respect to the Islamic Sharī‘ah and meeting the challenges and difficult conditions in which they found themselves. These instructions concern four matters that were to be adopted and strictly adhered to.
- Patience with Duties: It means that everything commanded by
Almighty Allah and His Messenger must be obediently pursued, no
matter how burdensome the adherence to them may appear to be. The
aim is to keep one’s self almost rivetted to carry out injunctions
- Patience against Sins: It means holding the desiring self back
from whatever has been prohibited by Allah and His Messenger, no
matter how desirable and appealing it may be.
- Patience in Distress: It means enduring in hardship and
forbearing in pain and avoiding excessive anxiety. Such patience
requires that all pain and comfort be taken to have come from Allah
and from this realization comes the strength to keep one’s self under
The word, ‘Musabarah’ is a derivation from Sabr. It means staying
firm and steadfast against the enemy.
The word, ‘Murabatah’ comes from ‘Ribat’. Root-wise, it means ‘to
tie’ and it is for this reason that ‘Ribat’ and ‘Murabatah’ are taken to
mean ‘to tie horses’ and ‘get ready for war’. The Holy Qur’an has used
(of trained horses – 8:60 ) in that very sense.
However, in the terminology of the Qur’an and Hadith, this word has
been used in two senses:
- To secure Islamic frontiers for which it is necessary to be armed
with military hardware, conventional or modern, so that the enemy
abstains from venturing against Islamic frontiers.
- To be so observant of and bound by making Salah with Jamah
that one starts looking forward to making the next Salah soon after
having performed one.
Islahi, Amin Ahsan. Pondering Over The Qur’an: Surah Ali Imran (p. 330). Islamic Book Trust. Kindle Edition.
Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .2 surah 3 verse 200). English-MaarifulQuran-MuftiShafiUsmaniRA-Vol-2.pdf (islamicweblibrary.com)