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Make trial of orphans until they reach the age of marriage; if then ye find sound judgment in them, release their property to them; but consume it not wastefully, nor in haste against their growing up. If the guardian is well-off, Let him claim no remuneration, but if he is poor, let him have for himself what is just and reasonable. When ye release their property to them, take witnesses in their presence: But all-sufficient is Allah in taking account.

“And try orphans until they reach the age of marriage; if then you find sound judgment in
them, release their property to them” This ayah states that when orphans reach the
age of puberty, the caretakers should test them in their intelligence and faith
as to know whether they are capable enough to look after their wealth and
properties. If they are, then Allah (SWT) commands the caretakers to return
their wealth and properties to them. “But consume it not wastefully, and hastily fearing
that they should grow up” i.e. do not consume their property wastefully and hastily
in fear that they will demand their right when they grow up. “And whoever
amongst guardians is rich, he should take no wages, but if he is poor, let him have for himself
what is just and reasonable.” i.e. Allah (SWT) permits the caretakers of orphans to
eat from the orphans money if they are poor themselves but they should take
only that much as may be required for his necessities and not for luxuries or
extravagance. “And when you release their property to them, take witness in their presence”
i.e. return the properties of the orphans in the presence of witnesses so that
the orphans do not deny receiving the money. But if there are no witnesses
then know that: ”And Allah (SWT) is All-Sufficient in taking account.” i.e. He is
sufficient as a witness as He knows everything.

References:

Ahmad, Israr. (2012). Bayan ul Quran. 4-An-Nisa.pdf (islamicweblibrary.com)

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