“Wherever ye are, death will find you out, even if ye are in towers built up strong and high!” If some good befalls them, they say, “This is from Allah”; but if evil, they say, “This is from thee” (O Prophet). Say: “All things are from Allah.” But what hath come to these people, that they fail to understand a single fact?
The Hypocrites were inconsistent, and in this
reflect unregenerate mankind.
If a disaster happens, due to their own folly, they blame
somebody else; but if they are fortunate, they claim
reflected credit by pretending that Heaven has favoured
them because of their own superior merits.
The modern critic discards even this pretence, eliminates
Heaven altogether, and claims all credit direct to himself,
unless he brings in blind Chance, but that he does mostly
to “explain” misfortune.
If we look to the ultimate Cause of all things, all things
come from Allah. But if we look to the proximate cause
of things, our own merit is so small, that we can hardly
claim credit for good ourselves with any fairness.
In Allah’s hand is all good: 3:26. On the other hand, the
proximate cause of our evil is due to some wrong in our
own inner selves; for never are we dealt with unjustly in
the very least: 4:77.
Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. Microsoft Word – 004 Nisa’.doc (quran4u.com)