Allah said: “Therefore will the land be out of their reach for forty years: In distraction will they wander through the land: But sorrow thou not over these rebellious people.
The punishment of the rebellion of these stiff necked people, rebellion that was repeated “these ten
times” (Num. 14:22) and more, was that they were left
to wander distractedly hither and thither through the
wilderness for forty years.
That generation was not to see the Holy Land. All those
that were twenty years old and upwards were to die in
the wilderness: “your carcasses shall fail in this
wilderness.” (Num. 14:29). Only those who were then
children would reach the Promised land.
And so it happened. From the desert of Paran they
wandered south, north, and east for forty years. From
the head of what is now the Gulf of Aqabah, they
travelled north, keeping to the east side of the
depression of which the Dead Sea and the river Jordan
Forty years afterwards they crossed the Jordan opposite
what is now Jericho, but by that time Moses, Aaron, and
the whole of the elder generation had died.
Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. Microsoft Word – 005 Ma’ida.doc (quran4u.com)