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6:70 By the Nafs and its perfection

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Leave alone those who take their religion to be mere play and amusement, and are deceived by the life of this world. But proclaim (to them) this (truth): that every soul delivers itself to ruin by its own acts: it will find for itself no protector or intercessor except Allah: if it offered every ransom, (or reparation), none will be accepted: such is (the end of) those who deliver themselves to ruin by their own acts: they will have for drink (only) boiling water, and for punishment, one most grievous: for they persisted in rejecting Allah.

“By the Nafs and its perfection. He endowed it with the possibilities of both integration and disintegration. Truly he succeeds who nourishes it and he fails who stunteth it”

The human nafs is progressive and to under go evolution is in its nature. The Holy Quran explains the human actions and their recording on Nafs by calling it ‘a Bird’. You keep control over a bird as long as it is in your grip. Once the grip is loosened, it is out of your control. Every cause has got its effect and every human action, however slight, must leave its imprint on the screen of Nafs. It is not in one’s control to check it. Man is thus composed of two distinct entities, physical body and Nafs and both lie in close proximity of each other:

(17:13-14)

“Every man’s ‘bird’ We have pasted on his own neck and We shall bring forth for him on he day of Judgment a book which he shall find wide open. (It will be said to him:) Read your own record. Your Nafs is sufficient this day to make an account for yourself”

As stated above, the making and breaking up processes of Nafs or human personality are affected only by those actions which are performed wilfully and after making a choice. It is the ‘Ruh’ or ‘Divine Energy’ which confers on man the capacity to choose between right and wrong and thus provides man the unique distinction to act freely as he chooses. The freedom of choice and Will, thus, become the directive force in human evolution which in fact is the evolution of ‘Nafs‘ or ‘Human personality‘.

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