It is We Who created you and gave you shape; then We bade the angels prostrate to Adam, and they prostrate; not so Iblis; He refused to be of those who prostrate.
According to the hadith literature, Allah sent an angel to the earth to get clay and bring it to the heaven
where Allah slowly shaped, evolved and sculpted this clay into the first man (Adam). The hadith
literature also attests that the first woman was created from Adam’s ribs and these two primordial
ancestors of man were sent to the Earth where they populated the Earth. This is the esoteric meaning of
the verse, or the revealed version which was revealed to the Prophet. It is binding on every Muslim and
not subject to change regardless of empirical progress.
As for the empirical version, it has been described as follows by modern scholars:
In the Message of the Quran, Asad writes:
“The sequence of these two statements – “We have created you [i.e., “brought you into being as living organisms”] and then formed you” [or “given you your shape”, i.e., as human beings] is meant to bring out the fact of man’s gradual development, in the individual sense, from the embryonic stage to fullfledged existence, as well as of the evolution of the human race as such. As regards God’s allegorical command to the angels to “prostrate themselves” before Adam, see 2:30- 34, and the corresponding notes. The reference to all mankind which precedes the story of Adam in
this surah makes it clear that his name symbolizes, in this context, the whole human race”.
And Allah knows best.
Asad, Muhammad (1980). (pg. 254). The Message of the Quran. http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/55877864-54484011-Message-of-Quran-Muhammad-Asad-Islam-Translation.pdf