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Ask them concerning the town standing close by the sea. Behold! they transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath. For on the day of their Sabbath their fish did come to them, openly holding up their heads, but on the day they had no Sabbath, they came not: thus did We make a trial of them, for they were given to transgression. (verse 163)

When some of them said: “Why do ye preach to a people whom Allah will destroy or visit with a terrible punishment?”- said the preachers:” To discharge our duty to your Lord, and perchance they may fear Him.” (verse 164)

When they disregarded the warnings that had been given them, We rescued those who forbade Evil; but We visited the wrong-doers with a grievous punishment because they were given to transgression. (verse 165)

When in their insolence they transgressed (all) prohibitions, We said to them: “Be ye apes, despised and rejected.” (verse 166)

The detailed discussion of the events contained in the above verses
have been produced in the first volume of this work in Surah Al Baqarah (under verses 58-60, pages 211-2231, Those interested may refer to
those verses for details.
The Holy Prophet (S) has been asked to warn the Israelites present in his time by reminding them the events related in these
verses. The events referred to in these verses are clear and require no


Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .4 surah 7 verses 163-166)English-MaarifulQuran-MuftiShafiUsmaniRA-Vol-4.pdf (

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