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To Moses We did give Nine Clear Signs: As the Children of Israel: when he came to them, Pharaoh said to him: “O Moses! I consider thee, indeed, to have been worked upon by sorcery!

Commentators consider the nine clear signs given to Moses (see also
27:12) to refer to the various miracles performed by Moses during his prophetic
mission, although they do not all agree upon which ones are referred to here, and
al-Rāzī maintains that the verse should not be understood to mean that Moses
was given only nine signs. The Bible mentions ten plagues brought by Moses
upon Pharaoh and his people: blood, frogs, lice, flies, disease of cattle, boils,
hail, locusts, darkness, and death of the firstborns (see Exodus 7–11). Some
commentators suggest that the nine clear signs in this verse refers, similarly, to
the successive punishments brought upon the Egyptians in 7:130–33 (drought,
shortage of crops, flood, locusts, lice, frogs, and blood) along with other
miracles Moses performed. Combining the lists given by different
commentators, the nine signs may also be said to include: the miracle of Moses’
staff turning into a serpent (7:109; 20:19–21; 26:32; 28:31); his hand turning
white after being placed in his bosom (7:108; 20:22; 26:33; 27:12; 28:32); the
“untying of a knot” from his tongue (20:27–28); the plagues of flood, locusts,
lice, frogs, and blood (7:133) as well as the drought and scarcity that preceded
these plagues (7:130); the parting of the sea (2:50; 26:63); the “blotting out” of
the wealth of Pharaoh and his notables in response to Moses’ prayer (10:88); his
making streams come forth by striking a rock with his staff (2:60; 7:160); the
miraculous provision of manna and quails in the desert (2:57; 7:160; 20:80); and
the mountain towering over Moses and the Israelites at Sinai (see 2:63–64c;
2:93; 4:154; 7:171; IK, JJ, R, Ṭ, Z). Alternately, the nine clear signs given to
Moses are identified in a ḥadīth as referring to the nine prohibitions given by
Moses to his people, namely, the prohibitions against associating other gods with
God, theft, adultery, murder, sorcery, usury, slandering chaste women, fleeing
from a just and righteous battle, and working on the Sabbath; the last of these,
unlike the other eight prohibitions, is unique to the Israelites (IK, R, Ṭ).
Pharaoh’s accusation that Moses is bewitched (masḥūr) is similar to
accusations that he is a sorcerer (10:76; 20:57, 63; 26:34; 27:13; 28:36; 40:24;
51:39). Some commentators read bewitched in this context as synonymous with
being a sorcerer (R, Ṭ), but others suggest that here Pharaoh is accusing Moses
of being misled or confused by sorcery (JJ, Z)


Nasr, Hossein (2015). Study Quran.

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