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38:34 And We did try Solomon: We placed on his throne a body (without life); but he did turn (to Us in true devotion)

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And We did try Solomon: We placed on his throne a body (without life); but he did turn (to Us in true devotion):

To explain this verse, some of the commentators advance the most fantastic stories, almost all
of
them going back to Talmudic sources. Razi rejects them all, maintaining that they are unworthy
of
serious consideration. Instead, he plausibly suggests that the “body” (jasad) upon Solomon’s
throne
is an allusion to his own body, and – metonymically – to his kingly power, which was bound to
remain
“lifeless” so long as it was not inspired by God-willed ethical values. (It is to be borne in mind
that in classical Arabic a person utterly weakened by illness, worry or fear, or devoid of moral
values,
is often described as “a body without a soul”.) In other words, Solomon’s early trial consisted in
his inheriting no more than a kingly position, and it rested upon him to endow that position with
spiritual essence and meaning.

References:

Asad, Muhammad (1980). The Message of the Quran. http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/55877864-54484011-Message-of-Quran-Muhammad-Asad-Islam-Translation.pdf

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