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Those who sustain the Throne (of Allah) and those around it Sing Glory and Praise to their Lord; believe in Him; and implore Forgiveness for those who believe: “Our Lord! Thy Reach is over all things, in Mercy and Knowledge. Forgive, then, those who turn in Repentance, and follow Thy Path; and preserve them from the Penalty of the Blazing Fire!

In verse 7, it was said: (Those who are bearing
the Throne and those who are around it). The present count of angels
who bear the Throne (‘arsh) is four and, on the day of Qiyamah (the Day
of Judgment), they will be eight, and only Allah knows the number of
angels around the ‘arsh. Some Hadith narrations give the number of their rows that reaches several hundred thousands. They are called: (karrubi, [Heb. Kerubh or kerub], plural: [Eng. Cherubin, or Cherubim,
Heb. Cherubim]). They are angels close to Allah. In this verse, it has been
said that all these angels close to Allah pray for all believers, particularly
those who repent from their sins and follow the Shari’ah of the Holy
Prophet (S). Either Allah Ta’ala has appointed them to perform this task,
or their nature is such that they keep praying for the good servants of
Allah. Therefore, Sayyidna Mutarrif Ibn ‘Abdullah Ibn Shikhkhir said
that out of all servants of Allah, the angels of Allah are the foremost
among those who wish well for believers. Firstly, they pray for them.
They implore Allah to forgive them, to save them from the punishment of
Jahannam and to admit them to the everlasting gardens of Jannah. Along with it, they also pray for: (. . . those as
well who did good from among their fathers and wives and children. –
40:8), that is, also admit anyone from among their fathers and forefathers,
and their wives, and their children – who meet the criterion of goodness
that makes them deserving of forgiveness, a criterion that requires that
they should have departed from the mortal world while adhering to their
‘iman or faith – yes, admit them too with the same believers into the
Jannah.

This tells us that one’s ‘iman or faith is the basic condition of salvation
(najah). After ‘iman come other good deeds. The relatives of Muslim
believers – fathers, grandfathers or wives and children – even if they are
ranked lower than them, such is the munificence of Allah Ta’ala that He
would, in deference to them, also let the relatives of a lesser rank be along
with them in Jannah, so that their happiness becomes total and complete
as it has been said in another verse of the Qur’an appearing elsewhere: (We will join their children with them – At-Tur, 52:21).

Sa’id Ibn Jubayr has said, ‘When a believer goes to Jannah, he will
ask about his father, son, brother and others, and would want to know
where they are. He will be told that their deeds were not like yours
(therefore, they will not be there). He will say, ‘whatever good I did (was
not for me alone), in fact, it was for me and them both.’ Then, the
command will come, ‘admit them too into the Jannah.’ (Ibn Kathir)

After having reported this Hadith narration in Tafsir Mazhari, the
author said, ‘this ‘mawquf (a Hadith mawquf or restricted tradition from a Companion who does not connect it to the Holy Prophet (S) has the same authority and force as ‘marfu” (a Hadith marfu’is a tradition
attributed to the Holy Prophet (S) and is explicit on the point that ‘doing
good’ that is held as a pre-condition for having this privilege means ‘Iman’
or adhering to the true faith.

References:

Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .7 surah 40 verse 7)English-MaarifulQuran-MuftiShafiUsmaniRA-Vol-7.pdf (islamicweblibrary.com)

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