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58:22 Believers cannot entertain intimacy with non-Believers

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Thou wilt not find any people who believe in Allah and the Last Day, loving those who resist Allah and His Messenger, even though they were their fathers or their sons, or their brothers, or their kindred. For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with a spirit from Himself. And He will admit them to Gardens beneath which Rivers flow, to dwell therein (for ever). Allah will be well pleased with them, and they with Him. They are the Party of Allah. Truly it is the Party of Allah that will achieve Felicity.

Believers cannot entertain intimacy with non-Believers
(You shall not find those who believe in Allah and in the Hereafter having
friendship with those who oppose Allah and His Messenger, even though
they were their fathers …. 58:22). The preceding verses showed that those
[hypocrites] who are in intimate friendship with unbelievers and pagans
shall incur Allah’s wrath, indignation and severe torment. This verse
describes the condition of sincere believers who would not take an enemy
of Faith, the opponents of Allah, for intimacy and friendship, even though
such people are their own fathers, children, brothers or any other blood
relatives. The bond of belief transcends all other bonds, even the close ties
of blood. This description fits all noble Companions. Commentators on this
occasion have cited a number of incidents of the blessed Companions
which describe how, when they heard their fathers, sons and brothers or
other blood relations utter blasphemy against Islam or the Messenger of
Allah (S), they left all ties aside and punished them or even killed them.

‘Abdullah, the son of ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Ubayy, the leader of the
hypocrites in Madinah, heard his father make some blasphemous
remarks against the Holy Prophet (S). The son came up to the Holy
Prophet (S) and sought his permission to kill his father. The Messenger of
Allah (S) stopped him. Sayyidna Abu Bakr (RA) heard his father, Abu
Quhafah, uttering some insulting words against the Holy Prophet (S). The most compassionate Siddiq & became indignant and unexpectedly gave him such a hard slap that he fell down. When the Messenger of Allah $&
heard about it, he advised Abii Bakr Siddiq & not do it again. In the
battle of Uhud, Sayyidnii Abii ‘Ubaidah’s father, Jarrah, was fighting on
the side of the unbelievers against the Muslims. In the battlefield, while
the battle was on, he purposely came time and again face to face with
Sayyidna Abu ‘Ubaidah (RA) and pursued him. Every time his father came
in front of him, Sayyidnii AbG ‘Ubaidah & would, as a mark of respect,
move out. But when he persisted, Sayyidna Abu ‘Ubaidah had no
choice but to kill him. The biography of the blessed Companions is replete
with similar incidents. The present set of verses was revealed to laud
them. [Qurtubi]


Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .8 surah 58 verse 22)English-MaarifulQuran-MuftiShafiUsmaniRA-Vol-8.pdf (

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