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O ye who believe! Turn not (for friendship) to people on whom is the Wrath of Allah, of the Hereafter they are already in despair, just as the Unbelievers are in despair about those (buried) in graves.

So we come back to the theme with which we
started in this Surah: that we should not turn for
friendship and intimacy to those who break Allah’s Law
and are outlaws in Allah’s Kingdom.
The various phrases of this question, and the legitimate
qualifications, have already been mentioned, and the
argument is here rounded off.


The Unbelievers, who do not believe in a Future
Life, can therefore have no hope beyond this life.
Miserable indeed is this life to them; for the ills of this
life are real to them, and they can have no hope of
redress.

But such is also the state of others- People of the Book
or not-who wallow in sin and incur the divine Wrath.
Even if they believe in a Future Life, it can only be to
them a life of horror, punishment, and despair.


For those of Faith the prospect is different. They may
suffer in this life, but this life to them is only a fleeting
shadow that will soon pass away. The Reality is beyond;
there will be full redress in the Beyond, and Achievement
and Felicity such as they can scarcely conceive of in the
terms of this life.

References:

Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. (surah 60 verse 13 Quran Arabic with English Translation & Commentary (Tafsir) by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Free Download (quran4u.com)

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