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And I do call to witness the self-reproaching spirit: (Eschew Evil).

Our doctors postulate three states or stages of
the development of the human soul:
• Ammara (12:53), which is prone to evil, and, if
not checked and controlled, will lead to
• Lawwama, as here, which feels conscious of
evil, and resists it, asks for Allah’s grace and
pardon after repentance and tries to amend; it
hopes to reach salvation;
• Mutmainna (89:27), the highest stage of all,
when it achieves full rest and satisfaction. Our
second stage may be compared to Conscience,
except that in English usage Conscience is a
faculty and not a stage in spiritual development.


Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. (surah 75 verse 2) Quran Arabic with English Translation & Commentary (Tafsir) by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Free Download (

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