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Category: Astronomy (Page 1 of 2)

The Moon

The following excerpt is taken from “Maariful Quran” by Mufti Taqi Usmani vol. 4 pg. 516-521:

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Oscillating Universe

The following excerpt is taken from “Quran and Modern Science” by Anisur Rahman pg. 52-53:

  1. Oscillating Universe (after Big Crunch again Big Bang):
  2. Allah (SWT) says, “Unto Him is the return of all of you; it is a promise of Allah in truth. Lo. He produceth creation, then reproduceth it…” (The Noble Koran☐0:4) “On the day when We will roll up heaven like the rolling up of the scroll for writings, as We originated the first creation, (so) We shall reproduce it; a promise (binding on Us); surely We will bring it about” (The Noble Koran 2☐:☐04). If we consider the above two Noble verses, it is very clear that as Allah (SWT) created the Universe initially, after collapsing the Universe, He will just repeat the sequences to recreate all (universe, human beings etc.) Some of the very recent researches have been carried out by few scientists are consistent with the above Koranic declaration. Scientists have suggested that the Universe started via the “ Big Bang” and will collapse via a “Big Crunch”. Then the whole process will start all over again. It has been, recently proposed by Paul Steinhardt of Princeton, who, together with Neil Turok of Cambridge University, resurrected a new version of the old cyclic, “oscillating” universe. According to this theory, the Universe may not have begun in a single Big Bang, but may be only part of an endless cycle of expansion and rebirth. Steinhardt and Turok proposed that during each cycle, the Universe fills itself with hot, dense matter and radiation, and then expands, accelerates and cools down. After trillions of years, the matter and radiation dissipate so much that expansion stalls, and then an energy field occupies the nearly empty universe. According to Steinhardt and Turok, this energy creates new matter and radiation to start the cycle all over again. Of course, it has not been finalized because scientists do not have enough observable evidences to support their theory. However, it is indeed a considerable progress towards understanding the possible future of the Universe, as well as the ultimate truth of the Glorious Koran. Scientists make mistakes; some realize later and do rectify their mistakes. But each Koranic word is beyond any mistake as it is the ultimate truth.☐400 years ago, no one in this world could imagine that the whole Universe will collapse by the Big Crunch and then again, experience a rebirth by Big Bang, a fact declared in the Koran very clearly. Why is this kind of very advanced fact being mentioned in the Koran? The reason is clear so that, people at different times could realize that the Koran and Allah (SWT) are the Ultimate truths and unbelievers during the day of resurrection will not get any point of argument. We should not always think that science have uncovered so many things in astronomy and cosmology; rather, we should say that there have been so much limitations just like an interesting comment by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory’s renowned physicist Saul Perlmutter “We’re still in the baby-step phase of cosmology”. (The Noble Koran☐☐:☐23) “And Allah’s is the unseen in the heavens and the Earth, and to Him is returned the whole of the affair; therefore serve Him and rely on Him, and your Lord is not heedless of what you do”. (The Noble Koran 30:58) “And certainly We have set forth for men every kind of example in this Koran; and if you should bring them a communication, those who disbelieve would certainly say: You are naught but false claimants”. (The Noble Koran 36:5) “A revelation (the Koran) of the Mighty, the Merciful”.

Rahman,Dr. Md. Anisur. Quran and Modern Science (pp. 52-53). Unknown. Kindle Edition.

Astrophysics and the Holy Quran

Time and Relativity

The following excerpt is taken from “Islam and Science” by Mohammed Awal:

Many scientists assumed that almost all laws governing the physical universe had been discovered. In the 1900s, however, the discoveries of quantum mechanics and especially the theory of Albert Einstein changed and revolutionarise our understanding of mass, energy, space and time. The second message is that the concept of time is relative. Until very recently, time was simply a matter of consulting the watch.  In chapter 70:4 of the Holy Qur’an however, it is declared that the Spirit and Angels travel a distance which in human terms take 50,000yrs in a day. The humble writer believes that time therefore can posses varying flexibility for different entities. You know, let’s quote the whole verse and work with it once and for all.

“The angels and the spirit ascend to Him (Allah) in a day, Whose measure of which is fifty thousand years (of your counting)”.

Einstein’s special theory of relativity has revolutionalised our understanding of mass, energy, space, and even time. The relativity theory, which first argued that time is relative is discussed in this chapter. Now the messages contained in this verse scientifically are that: “their day” is equivalent to 50,000 * 365=18,250,000 of our days, period.

The limiting velocity according to physicists of physical matter is the speed of light which is 186.3000miles per second. Hence the dilatory flow of time is closely related to the phenomena of visibility and invisibility.  In all Holy Books, the statement occurs that the world was created in six days. With the present verse, the Qur’an expresses the fact that the used of the word “day” here differs from our ordinary concept of a day. Both Einstein and Lorentz have maintained that the speed limit of matter is 300,000km per second in a fundamental law of physics. If that is so, then it’s a statement of fact that angels cannot be seen in flight. Their velocity is (possibly) given in terms of material speed =18,250,000. Time which flows slowly in our physical world has no meaning for them. Entities with velocities greater than 300,000/second cannot be observed. How then can we observe the angel and spirit who

transverse beyond that speed? The fact that the relativity of time is so clearly mentioned in the Holy Qur’an, which started to be revealed in 610AD, is another evidence that it is a Holy Book.  Other chapters and verses which deal with relativity of time are Q22:47, Q32:5, Q23:12.

Mohammed Awal, Sheikh Ahmed. Islam And Science . Unknown. Kindle Edition.

Death of the Stars and the Sun

The following excerpt is taken from “The Quran: Its Undeniable Miracles” under the category: ‘Death of the Stars and the Sun’:

At the time of the descent of the Quran, people believed that the light of the stars would last forever. This at a time when the inner structure of the stars was a mystery and the fact that the energy of the stars would, one day, be exhausted was not known. The Quran’s prediction about the end of the stars is a miraculous statement.

When the stars are put out. (77:8) When the planets are scattered. (82:2)

While the verses speak of the putting out of stars, the planets, not light sources, will scatter. The Arabic word for a star is “najm,” while “kavkab” is a planet. Given the fact that the planets are dependent on a central star, when this star is no more, the planets will necessarily scatter. (There have been translators who translated both words as stars without heeding the difference between them.) Planets are not light sources, therefore their extinction is out of question. The Quran displays its miraculous attribute in all its statements. When the sun is rolled. (81:1) The Arabic word “takwir” refers to the wrapping of the turban around the head in a spiral form; it also means the rolling or winding of a thing into a ball or round mass, or around something. The scene describes how the end of the sun will come. Like all the other stars, our sun also consumes hydrogen atoms by transforming them into helium atoms and releasing energy in the form of radiation, heat and light. The transformation of hydrogen into helium stops with the exhaustion of the hydrogen. Even without the effect of other potential causes, the sun will have to come to an end for this reason. Before their extinction, the stars, according to their sizes, pass through such phases as red giant, white dwarf or black hole. In view of its magnitude, our sun must turn first into a red giant before dying. The sun has been a subject of worship in the history of mankind. People who did not believe in the end of the universe considered the sun itself to be an immortal divinity and thought that the universe and the earth would last eternally; there have been those who believed in the transmigration of souls everlastingly. Having eventually been convinced by scientific discoveries that the world was doomed to die one day, the minds that idolized the sun and the belief in the eternal reincarnation cycle lost their support. The belief in the Hereafter described in the Quran and the end of the universe are interconnected as the stages of a system. Taking cognizance of the fact that the end of the universe will eventually come has reinforced the belief in the Hereafter.

And verily the Hour is coming, no doubt about it, and that God will resurrect those who are dead. (22:7)


  The description of the end of the universe in the Quran relating to the end of the sun and of the world is given in striking colors. What the people at the Prophet’s time knew about astronomy could not possibly have permitted them to describe such occurrences. Muslims who lived at the time of the revelation of the Quran believed in all these, not because of scientific deductions but because they had faith in the fact that it was easy for God, the Creator of the heavens and the earth, to destroy them. All the statements of the Quran about the

disappearance of the stars, the sun and the earth are corroborated today by scientific discoveries.

Reference:

Ali, Project. THE QURAN: Its Undeniable Miracles . Unknown. Kindle Edition.

Pulsar

The Creation of the Universe in the Quran and Science

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The Future of the Universe according to the Quran and Science

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Creatures in the Heavens and Earth

Quran 42:29:



And of his signs is the creation of the heavens and earth and what He has dispersed throughout them of creatures. And He, for gathering them when He wills, is competent.

According to Muhammad Asad, the term “Heavens and Earth” denotes:

‘Lit., “in both”. In the Qur’an, the expression “the heavens and the earth” invariably denotes the universe in its entirety.’ (The Message of the Quran, pg. 950, note #33)

And also:

“It is Allah who has created the seven heavens and a like number of earths. His commandments are sent between them, so that you would know that Allah has power over all things and that His knowledge encompasses all” (The HolyKoran 65:☐2).     

As written by Dr. Anisur Rahman:

“Hence, if we pay attention to the above Noble verses, it is very clear that the Glorious Koran says that the Earth is not the only unique and the only one in this Universe, and that, living things are also not only exclusive to the Earth. Rather, innumerable earths and living beings (seven earths may just allegorically means huge numbers) are dispersed in this gigantic Universe.”

Rahman,Dr. Md. Anisur. Quran and Modern Science (pp. 80-81). Unknown. Kindle Edition.

Perfect Orbits in the Universe

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