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Category: Comparative Religion (Page 1 of 3)

The Scrolls of Ibrahim and Musa

The following excerpt is taken from “Maariful Quran” by Mufti Taqi Usmani Vol. 8 pg. 770-771:

Themes of the Scripts of Prophet Ibrahim

Ajurri transmits a narration from Sayyidna Abu Dharr Al-Ghifari that he inquired from the Prophet as to the contents of the scripts of Prophet Ibrahim and the Holy Prophet replied that they contained educating parables . A story is told in it about a tyrant king where he is addressed and told: You haughty, arrogant and oppressive ruler! I did not give you kingdom so that you may amass wealth, but I had given you power so that you may let the supplication of the oppressed against the oppressor reach me, because my law does not reject the supplication of an oppressed, even though it may be uttered by an unbeliever.
Another parable addresses the general public thus: A wise person should divide his time into three parts. One part should be reserved for the worship of his Lord and supplication to Him. The second part should be reserved for self-assessment of his deeds, and reflection on the Omnipotence and creation of Allah. The third part should be allocated for acquisition of livelihood and fulfilling the natural needs. It further imparts that a wise person should keep himself abreast of the circumstances of his time, and keep himself busy in performing his intended work. He should take care of his tongue. He who takes speech as one of his works, his speech will be confined only to the things of real need.

Themes of the Scripts of Prophet Musa

Sayyidna Abu Dharr Al-Ghifari says that he then inquired from the Holy Prophet as to the contents of the scripts of Prophet Musa and the Holy Prophet replied that they contained lessons of wisdom. Some of them are as follows:

I am surprised at the person who believes that he will certainly die, and yet he lives happily.
I am surprised at the person who believes in Divine destiny, and yet he is despondent and aggrieved.
I am surprised at the person who experiences the vicissitudes of life and rise and fall of nations, and yet he is content with the world.
I am surprised at the person who believes in the Reckoning of the Hereafter, and yet he abandons [good] deeds.

Sayyidna Abu Dharr Al-Ghifari says that he asked the Holy Prophet whether anything from these scriptures was revealed to him. He replied in the affirmative and asked Sayyidna Abu Dharr Ghifari to recite verses 14-19 of this Surah. [Qurtubi]

Therefore give admonition in case the admonition profits (the hearer).
The admonition will be received by those who fear (Allah):
But it will be avoided by those most unfortunate ones,
Who will enter the Great Fire,
In which they will then neither die nor live.
But those will prosper who purify themselves,
And glorify the name of their Guardian-Lord, and (lift their hearts) in prayer.
Nay (behold), ye prefer the life of this world;
But the Hereafter is better and more enduring.
And this is in the Books of the earliest (Revelation),-
The Books of Abraham and Moses.

-Quran 87: 9-19

A Prophet Like Moses

The following excerpt is taken from “The Quran Code” pg. 603-611:

In the Bible, in Deuteronomy chapter eighteen, we have the words of Moses who reports that God told him that there would raise up a prophet, from among the brothers of the Israelites, like Moses. Christians wish to apply this to Jesus, to say he was the prophet like Moses. It is uncomfortable for them to recognize, however that Jesus was not very much like Moses and Jesus had no father, no wife, no children; he did not die of old age, and he did not lead a nation; all these things Moses had or did. But they say, well, Jesus will return; he will return as a victorious person, and so he will be more like Moses. Do they really expect he will return to also acquire a father and a wife and children and then die of old age? Moreover, Jesus was an Israelite. The passage of scripture says that this prophet that was foretold would be raised up among the brothers of the Israelites, not from the Israelites. In the third chapter of Acts, the disciple Peter speaks to a crowd of people and explains that Jesus has been taken up and he is in heaven. He will remain in Heaven and he cannot return until all the things that were promised by God come to pass. So what are we still waiting for, does he tell the crowd? He quotes this very saying of Moses saying: “For God will raise up a prophet from among the brothers of the Israelites like Moses…” The point is very clear. Christians like to see this prophet as being Jesus. But read carefully Acts chapter three, what it says is that Jesus awaits a return. He cannot return until the fulfillment of this prophecy, that another prophet has to come. Jesus spoke of it himself and the words survived, just barely, but they survived in the bible. Jesus spoke of God sending another ‘Paraclete’. Paraclete There is a lot of argument over the meaning of this word ‘Paraclete’. For now we can leave that aside. What is a ‘Paraclete’? It does not matter. The first letter of John shows that Jesus was a ‘Paraclete’. He is called a ‘Paraclete’ and we have Jesus promising another ‘Paraclete’ is going to be sent. We lose a lot by this word ‘another’ in English because it is ambiguous. If someone’s car breaks down, and it is a Toyota, and I say, ‘” I’ll go get you another car,” maybe I mean, “I’ll go and get you another Toyota because this one you have is broken,” or maybe I mean, “Forget Toyota, they’re no good; I’ll go and get you a Datsun.” It is an ambiguous word. But the Greeks had a word for it. When they meant ‘another’ of the same kind, they said “aloes”. When they meant another of a different kind, they said “heteroes”. The important thing there is that when Jesus, who was himself a Paraclete, said “God will send you another Paraclete” he used the word aloes, not heteroes. Christians want to say that this other ‘Paraclete’ that has been sent was different from Jesus. It was not a man, it was a spirit. What Jesus said was: God will send you another one like me, another man.” Muslims believe that Muhammad is the fulfillment of this prophecy by Jesus. The Qur’an says that this man is mentioned in the scriptures of the Jews and the Christians (see7: 157). Christians came to expect that the return of Jesus because of a Jewish misunderstanding. ‘Messiah’ and ‘Son of Man’ have been given special significance by the Jews, even though many people were called by this same name as in the Bible. The Jews came to expect a victorious leader. When Jesus did not turn out to be quite what many expected, they hatched the idea that he would return some day and fulfill all these prophecies.

Chess, Nico. The Quran Code: The last book you would ever think of reading will make you question your entire reality. (Kindle Locations 603-611). Kindle Edition.

Covenant of the Children of Israel

Quran 2:83:


And [recall] when We took the covenant from the Children of Israel, [enjoining upon them], “Do not worship except Allah ; and to parents do good and to relatives, orphans, and the needy. And speak to people good [words] and establish prayer and give zakah.” Then you turned away, except a few of you, and you were refusing.

The following quotations are taken from Abdul Majid Daryabadi’s Tafsir Vol 1 pg. 56:

(Do not worship except Allah):

The Old Testament:

‘And God spake all these words saying, I am the Lord thy God…. Thou shalt have no gods before me.’ (Exodus 20: 1-3)

‘The Lord our God made a covenant with us in Horeb… I am the Lord Thy God… Thou shalt have none other gods before me.’ (Deuteronomy 5:2, 6:7)

‘Hear O Israel: the Lord God is our God… Thou shalt fear the Lord thy God, and serve him… ye shall not go after other gods.’ (Deuteronomy (6: 4, 13, 14)

(and to parents do good)

‘Honor thy father and mother.’ (Exodus 20:12, Deuteronomy 5:16)

(and to relatives, orphans and the needy)

‘Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.’ (Deuteronomy 15:11)

Bakka (Makkah)

Quran 3:96:

The first house of worship established for people was the one in Bakka. It is blessed and a source of guidance to humanity.

Psalm 84:4-6 Blessed are those who dwell in your house; they are ever praising you. 5 Blessed are those whose strength is in you, whose hearts are set on pilgrimage. 6 As they pass through the Valley of Baka, they make it a place of springs;

Kaskas, Safi. The Qur’an – with References to the Bible: A Contemporary Understanding . Bridges to Common Ground. Kindle Edition.


The Land

Quran 21:105:

And We have already written in the book [of Psalms] after the [previous] mention that the land [of Paradise] is inherited by My righteous servants.

Psalms 37:29:

‘The righteous shall inherit the land, and dwell therein for ever.’

1 Peter 1:4-5

‘and into an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you, 5 who are being protected by the power of God through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.’

Kaskas, Safi. The Qur’an – with References to the Bible: A Contemporary Understanding . Bridges to Common Ground. Kindle Edition.

The Quran and the Vedas

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Gospel of Barnabas

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Is the Bible the word of God?

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What was the sign of Jonah?

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Comparative Religion – Zakir Naik

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