Islamic Web Library

An Islamic Resource Center

Category: Earth Science

The Moon

The following excerpt is taken from “Maariful Quran” by Mufti Taqi Usmani vol. 4 pg. 516-521:

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Of Every Noble Kind

Quran 26:7:

Did they not look at the earth – how much We have produced therein from every noble kind?

According to “Ishraq al Maani” by Syed Iqbal Zaheer, under the commentary of the above verse:

‘ Zawj is (not necessarily for pairs but: Au.) for kinds and classes too (Alusi).

The textual kareem, rendered as beautiful here, has the backing of Ibn Jarir, Zamakhshari and Qurtubi who cite examples of such usage in the Arabic language.

Sha`bi assumed the meaning of kareem as noble and commented: People are of the earth’s product. He who entered Paradise is kareem (noble), while he who entered Hellfire is la’eem (ignoble) – Qurtubi, Ibn Kathir.

The implied meaning is, adds Alusi, man is included in the allusion to “what Allah causes the earth to grow.” ‘

The Creation of Earth in 4 Stages

Quran 41: 9-10:

Say to them, “Are you rejecting the One Who created the earth in two stages?  Are you making others equals with Him?  That’s the Lord of All the Worlds!”   [9]

He placed well-rooted highlands upon (the earth) and (put many) blessings within them. Then He measured out every (physical and ecological system), so there would be sufficient resources (for all living things, a process that was accomplished) in four stages. (It’s a) balanced (system to provide for all those) who ask (for their needed resources to survive). [10]

Modern science had identified four distinct stages in the development of the earth. Stage one is called differentiation, a time in which heavier masses sunk to the core of the earth while lighter materials moved towards the surface.  Stage two is called cratering, in which the earth was strong enough to withstand the constant bombardment of meteorites and comets.  The third stage is known as the flooding stage, and it involved the free flowing of water and lava, along with the release of associated gases.  Rain and the appearance of oceans occurred at this time. The final stage is called slow surface evolution, and it is currently in operation today.  This is the phenomenon of gradation and uplift of the crust, continental drift and also plate tectonics.  This is also the stage in which living organisms arose.

Emerick, Yahiya. The Meaning of the Holy Qur’an in Today’s English (p. 827). Unknown. Kindle Edition.

The Gaia hypothesis

Lovelock suggested that the entire planet makes up a single, self-regulating, living entity, which he called Gaia. The very presence of life itself regulates the temperature of the surface, the concentration of oxygen, and the chemical composition of the oceans, optimizing conditions for life. However, he warned that human impact on the environment may disrupt this delicate balance.

Lovelock, James. The Science Book (p. 315)

The Geological Concept of Mountains in the Quran

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“We verily created human beings in an atmosphere.” Quran (90: 4)

It has been discovered that the Earth has many layers of atmosphere. These serve to protect the globe from the harmful radiation rays of the sun and to save the earth by burning away the great quantities of celestial debris showering upon it with increased speed. An atmospheric pressure of 14.7 pounds per square inch is maintained, at all times, on every inch of the Earth’s surface (like the pressure in an airplane’s cabin). Without this pressure there

would be no control on stability. Compounded with the high speed of the Earth’s rotation, a lack of atmospheric pressure would cause all on Earth to fly away, drifting into outer space, out of control.

Khan, Ghiasuddin. The Quran and Science: Guidance for Mankind with Scientific Discoveries and Prophecies (Kindle Locations 137-138). Niyah Press. Kindle Edition.

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