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The Scrolls of Ibrahim and Musa

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The following excerpt is taken from “Maariful Quran” by Mufti Taqi Usmani Vol. 8 pg. 770-771:

Themes of the Scripts of Prophet Ibrahim

Ajurri transmits a narration from Sayyidna Abu Dharr Al-Ghifari that he inquired from the Prophet as to the contents of the scripts of Prophet Ibrahim and the Holy Prophet replied that they contained educating parables . A story is told in it about a tyrant king where he is addressed and told: You haughty, arrogant and oppressive ruler! I did not give you kingdom so that you may amass wealth, but I had given you power so that you may let the supplication of the oppressed against the oppressor reach me, because my law does not reject the supplication of an oppressed, even though it may be uttered by an unbeliever.
Another parable addresses the general public thus: A wise person should divide his time into three parts. One part should be reserved for the worship of his Lord and supplication to Him. The second part should be reserved for self-assessment of his deeds, and reflection on the Omnipotence and creation of Allah. The third part should be allocated for acquisition of livelihood and fulfilling the natural needs. It further imparts that a wise person should keep himself abreast of the circumstances of his time, and keep himself busy in performing his intended work. He should take care of his tongue. He who takes speech as one of his works, his speech will be confined only to the things of real need.

Themes of the Scripts of Prophet Musa

Sayyidna Abu Dharr Al-Ghifari says that he then inquired from the Holy Prophet as to the contents of the scripts of Prophet Musa and the Holy Prophet replied that they contained lessons of wisdom. Some of them are as follows:

I am surprised at the person who believes that he will certainly die, and yet he lives happily.
I am surprised at the person who believes in Divine destiny, and yet he is despondent and aggrieved.
I am surprised at the person who experiences the vicissitudes of life and rise and fall of nations, and yet he is content with the world.
I am surprised at the person who believes in the Reckoning of the Hereafter, and yet he abandons [good] deeds.

Sayyidna Abu Dharr Al-Ghifari says that he asked the Holy Prophet whether anything from these scriptures was revealed to him. He replied in the affirmative and asked Sayyidna Abu Dharr Ghifari to recite verses 14-19 of this Surah. [Qurtubi]

Therefore give admonition in case the admonition profits (the hearer).
The admonition will be received by those who fear (Allah):
But it will be avoided by those most unfortunate ones,
Who will enter the Great Fire,
In which they will then neither die nor live.
But those will prosper who purify themselves,
And glorify the name of their Guardian-Lord, and (lift their hearts) in prayer.
Nay (behold), ye prefer the life of this world;
But the Hereafter is better and more enduring.
And this is in the Books of the earliest (Revelation),-
The Books of Abraham and Moses.

-Quran 87: 9-19

At another place in the Quran:

Nay, is he not acquainted with what is in the Books of Moses-
And of Abraham who fulfilled his engagements?-
Namely, that no bearer of burdens can bear the burden of another;
That man can have nothing but what he strives for;
That (the fruit of) his striving will soon come in sight:
Then will he be rewarded with a reward complete;
That to thy Lord is the final Goal;
That it is He Who granteth Laughter and Tears;
That it is He Who granteth Death and Life;
That He did create in pairs,- male and female,
From a seed when lodged (in its place);
That He hath promised a Second Creation (Raising of the Dead);
That it is He Who giveth wealth and satisfaction;
That He is the Lord of Sirius (the Mighty Star);
And that it is He Who destroyed the (powerful) ancient ‘Ad (people),
And the Thamud nor gave them a lease of perpetual life.
And before them, the people of Noah, for that they were (all) most unjust and most insolent transgressors,
And He destroyed the Overthrown Cities (of Sodom and Gomorrah).
So that (ruins unknown) have covered them up.
Then which of the gifts of thy Lord, (O man,) wilt thou dispute about?
This is a Warner, of the (series of) Warners of old!
The (Judgment) ever approaching draws nigh:
No (soul) but Allah can lay it bare.
Do ye then wonder at this recital?
And will ye laugh and not weep,-
Wasting your time in vanities?
But fall ye down in prostration to Allah, and adore (Him)!— Quran 53:36-62

References:

 Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .8 pg. 770-771). http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/maarif-volume8-english.pdf