April 19, 2021

Islamic Web Library

An Islamic Resource Center

To Mankind Prostrate All the Forces of Nature

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{Allah is He Who created the heavens and the earth, and sends down water from the sky, and with it produces fruits for your sustenance. And He committed the ships to your service, sailing through the sea by His command, and He committed the rivers to your service. And He committed the sun and the moon to your service, both continuously pursuing their courses, and He committed the night and the day to your service.} [Quran Ch14 – V32-33]

The following excerpt is taken form “Exposition of the Quran” by Ghulam Ahmed Pervez pg. 1172-1173:

The Quran has also used malaika as messengers in verse (22:75). This, of course, is one aspect of their functions or duties, otherwise they are those who direct affairs (79:5) and govern the events by command (51:4). As such taken as a whole, the root of malaike as to malkun sounds better than alkun, i.e., the forces. These forces have no free will, independent power or discretion to do whatever they like, but carry out the given responsibility as ordained by Allah. The knowledge as to how these forces operate is given to man (2:31) and it is within his competence to conquer these forces. This is the meaning of the verse (2:34), which stated that all the malaika bowed before Adam.

Surah 2 Verse 34:
And [mention] when We said to the angels, “Prostrate before Adam”; so they prostrated, except for Iblees. He refused and was arrogant and became of the disbelievers.

The Qur’ânic words are not sajadu adam–prostrate before Adam but Sajadu li-Adam that is pay homage to the humankind, as the word “Adam” throughout this section (2:30-33) stands for human beings and not to a particular man. The verse implies that a human being has superiority over the angels, which are the guardians and controlling powers of the forces of
nature, and that by his capacity of acquiring knowledge a human being can subsequently harness the forces of nature. (Exegesis of The Holy Qur’ân Commentary and Reflections p. 349)

For an explanation of the concept of Iblees, see the following post:

The Meaning of Iblees


Abd-Allah, Muhamed. 323 Verses on Science in the Quran . Kindle Edition.

NOORUDDÎN ,ALLÂMAH. (2015). Exegesis of The Holy Qur’ân Commentary and Reflections. (p. 349). http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/Exegesis-of-the-Holy-Quran-Commentary-and-Reflections.pdf

 Pervez, Ahmad (2010). Exposition of the Quran. (p. 1172-1173). http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/ExpositionOfHollyQuran.pdf

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