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(2:27) Those who break the covenant of Allah

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Those who break Allah’s Covenant after it is ratified, and who sunder what Allah Has ordered to be joined, and do mischief on earth: These cause loss (only) to themselves.


The Natural Instinct (Fitrat Allah)

The following excerpt is taken from “The Case for Allah’s Existence in the Quran and Sunnah” pg. 1-2:

Natural Instinct – Fiṭrat Allāh

Human beings sense the existence of God – or what they perceive as a higher power – by pure instinct, with or without a prophetic revelation to guide them. Expressions of this sensus divinitatis have appeared in cultures and religions all over the world, despite them being widely separated by time, geography, and language. In Islamic spiritual terms, this is because God took a primordial covenant with every person before the world was created that they would recognize their Creator.

Allah said: [Prophet], when your Lord took out the offspring from the loins of the Children of Adam and made them bear witness about themselves, He said, ‘Am I not your Lord?’ and they replied, ‘Yes, we bear witness.’ So you cannot say on the Day of Resurrection, ‘We were not aware of this.’

Al-Suddī (d. 745) commented on this verse, saying, “For this reason, there is no one on the face of the earth but that he knows his Lord is Allah, and no one associates idols with Him except that he will say ‘I found my forefathers following another religion.’” The primordial covenant results in the innate impulse within people to seek out the higher power that they can sense, as they have done in some form or another throughout all of recorded history, to the point that some scientists today argue that belief in God or a higher power is hardwired into our genes.

References:

Parott, Justin. The Case for Allah’s Existence in the Quran and Sunnah. (p. 1-2). https://www.islamicweblibrary.com/2019/12/21/the-case-for-allahs-existence-in-the-quran-and-sunnah/

God’s Covenant with the Children of Adam

Quran 7:172

The following is taken from “The Holy Quran in Today’s English” by Yahiya Emerick under the commentary of surah 7 verse 172:

When your Lord brings offspring from out of the loins of the children of Adam, He makes them (first) bear witness about themselves by asking them, “Am I not your Lord?” They say, “Of course, and we are a witness to that!” (We do that) so you won’t be able to say on the Day of Assembly, “We had no clue about any of this

This is a very deep passage, and it has been interpreted several ways.  Most commentators say that it means that the imprint of God is upon us collectively as human beings even before birth, causing us to seek Him after our birth when we reach the age of reason.  Indeed, the Prophet once said, “Every child is born directed towards its true disposition (to worship God), and its parents make it a Jew, Christian or Zoroastrian.”  (Then the Prophet recited verse 30:30 for emphasis.)  (Bukhari)  Muhammad Asad explained this concept further by writing that it means that from our birth we are all pre-programmed with a disposition that makes us seek God.  In other words, we all possess an inner religious compass, or fitrah.  All human beings seek the higher meaning, the higher power above them.  If a person isn’t born into an environment where religion is present, he will invent one on his own or seek one as a means to fulfill that missing spiritual link that we are automatically predisposed to seek.  Some may become sidetracked by superstition and come to worship idols or other invented gods, while others may deny God altogether – and then make their life’s purpose to fight religion, which is in itself a pathetic way of keeping it in their life – but in the end everyone will understand that there is a Presence over all consciousness and matter.  Even in religions with a pantheon of gods, such as Hinduism or Taoism, there is always a supreme power lurking in the wings.  Some modern scientists have proposed that humans have a so-called “God-gene” that nudges us towards being religious.  Muslims have already known of this inclination towards faith since the very beginning!

References:

Emerick, Yahiya. The Meaning of the Holy Qur’an in Today’s English (p. 827). Unknown. Kindle Edition.

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