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Or do ye think that ye shall enter the Garden (of bliss) without such (trials) as came to those who passed away before you? they encountered suffering and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit that even the Messenger and those of faith who were with him cried: “When (will come) the help of Allah?” Ah! Verily, the help of Allah is (always) near!

This refers to the Divine law that judges and tries every community that stands forth as the bearer of the genuine truth. The Muslims are told that they should not be discouraged or lose heart by the mockery and opposition of the disbelievers and the hypocrites. This is just the beginning of their long journey on the path of love and truth: far more severe tests and hard obstacles lie ahead. Like the earlier followers of truth who went before them, they will also be put through various trials. Those who walked this path before were so severely tested that they were shaken and the messenger and his companions, all of them cried out, “When will the help of Allāh come.” The words ḥattā yaqūla, in our opinion, is an adverbial clause which portrays the condition of the believers. The cry for help in “matā naṣrullāh” is like the last knock at the door of hope – the knock that elicits the response for Divine help: “a lā inna naṣrallāhi qarībun” – Ah! verily, the help of Allāh is (always) near! O thirsty wayfarer, lose not heart, for, indeed! you are almost at the fount of eternity!

References:

Islahi, Amin Ahsan. Pondering Over The Qur’an: Surah al-Fatiha and Surah al-Baqarah (Kindle Locations 12482-12491). Islamic Book Trust. Kindle Edition.

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