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3:102 And die not except in a state of Islam

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O ye who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared, and die not except in a state of Islam.

Yusuf Ali writes:

Fear is of many kinds:

  1. the abject fear of the coward;
  2. the fear of a child or an inexperienced person in the
    face of an unknown danger;
  3. the fear of a reasonable man who wishes to avoid
    harm to himself or to people whom he wishes to
  4. the reverence which is akin to love, for it fears to do
    anything which is not pleasing to the object of love.
    The first is unworthy of man; the second is necessary for
    one immature; the third is a manly precaution against
    evil as long as it is unconquered; and the fourth is the
    seed-bed of righteousness.
    Those mature in faith cultivate the fourth: at earlier
    stages, the third or the second may be necessary; they
    are fear, but not the fear of Allah.
    The first is a feeling of which anyone should be ashamed

and die not except in a state of Islam.

Our whole being should be permeated with Islam:
it is not a mere veneer or outward show.


Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. (pg. 50). Microsoft Word – 003 Imran.doc (

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