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A Book revealed unto thee,- So let thy heart be oppressed no more by any difficulty on that account,- that with it thou mightest warn (the erring) and teach the Believers). (verse 2)

Follow (O men!) the revelation given unto you from your Lord, and follow not, as friends or protectors, other than Him. Little it is ye remember of admonition. (verse 3)

How many towns have We destroyed (for their sins)? Our punishment took them on a sudden by night or while they slept for their afternoon rest. (verse 4)

When (thus) Our punishment took them, no cry did they utter but this: “Indeed we did wrong.” (verse 5)

Then shall we question those to whom Our message was sent and those by whom We sent it. (verse 6)

And verily, We shall recount their whole story with knowledge, for We were never absent (at any time or place). (verse 7)


An overview of the Shah shows that most of the subjects it deals
with are related to Ma’ad (Return to the Hereafter) and Risalah
(Prophethood). The former appear from the beginning of the Surah
upto approximately the end of the sixth section. Then, from the eighth
to the twenty first section, there is a detailed description of past
prophets, events about their communities, their reward and punishment and the punishment which overtook them.

In the statement: appearing in the first verse, the
address is to the Holy Prophet (saw) and he has been told: This
Qur’an is the Book of Allah sent down to you. This should not cause
any constraint on your heart. The word: (haraj) translated here as
‘constraint’ means that ‘you should have no anguish or apprehension
in conveying the Qur’an and its injunctions lest people belie it and
hurt you.’ (As reported from Abu Al-‘Aliyah – Mazhari)


The hint given here is that Allah who has sent down this Book on
you has also made arrangements that you shall remain protected and
that takes care of any anguish on your part. Some commentators have
said that ‘haraj’ or ‘constraint on the heart’ refers to the constraint experienced by the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) who, because of his affectionate concern for people, felt pain when they would not believe despite having heard the Qur’an and its injunctions. To offset this
constraint, the Holy Prophet (saw) has been told that the duty
with which he has been obligated is simply to make the call and convey the message. Once this is done, it is not his responsibility to see who becomes a Muslim and who does not. Therefore, there was no reason for him to be anxious.

The statement in verse 6 refers to the day of Qiyamah when people will be asked by Allah how did they receive the messengers and Books sent to them by Him – and the messengers will be asked if they did convey to their communities the message and injunctions Allah had sent them with. (Narrated by Baihaqi from Sayyidna Ibn ‘Abbas (RA) – Mazhari)

Sayyidna Jabir (RA) that the Holy Prophet (S) asked people during the address of his Last Hajj: When, on the day of Qiyamah, you will be asked about me – whether or not I have conveyed the message of Allah to you – what will you, then, say in reply? All Sahabah present there said: We will say that you have conveyed the
message of Allah to us and you have fulfilled the trust of Allah at its best and you have wished and done what was most beneficial for the community. Hearing this, the Holy Prophet (S) said: (0 Allah, You be witness).


5:41-43 – Islamic Web Library

References:

Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .3 surah 7 verses 2-7)English-MaarifulQuran-MuftiShafiUsmaniRA-Vol-3.pdf (islamicweblibrary.com)

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