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8:43  Remember in thy dream Allah showed them to thee as few

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 Remember in thy dream Allah showed them to thee as few: if He had shown them to thee as many, ye would surely have been discouraged, and ye would surely have disputed in (your) decision; but Allah saved (you): for He knoweth well the (secrets) of (all) hearts.

According to Anwar al Bayan,

Before the battle, the Holy Prophet (pbuh) saw in a dream that the disbelievers were few in number, and the Companions (RA) were encouraged by this. If Allah had shown the Holy Prophet (pbuh) tat the disbelievers were many in number, the Companions would have lost courage to fight and they would have disputed among themselves whether the should advance to fight or retreat instead.

Referring to this, Allah says , “Remember in thy dream Allah showed them to thee as few: if He had shown them to thee as many, ye would surely have been discouraged, and ye would surely have disputed in (your) decision; but Allah saved (you): for He knoweth well the (secrets) of (all) hearts.” Allah knows exactly whose heart is imbued with His love and is devoted to the Hereafter. He is also well aware of those who entertain love only for this world, have no inclination for the Hereafter and are cowardly.

References:

Madani, Muhammad. Anwar ul Bayan. (vol. 2 p. 393). Tafsir-Anwarul-Bayan-02.pdf (islamicweblibrary.com)

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