(Joseph) said: “For seven years shall ye diligently sow as is your wont: and the harvests that ye reap, ye shall leave them in the ear,- except a little, of which ye shall eat.
“Then will come after that (period) seven dreadful (years), which will devour what ye shall have laid by in advance for them,- (all) except a little which ye shall have (specially) guarded.
“Then will come after that (period) a year in which the people will have abundant water, and in which they will press (wine and oil).”
Joseph’s interpretation of the dream offers a window into what
would happen during the next fifteen years of Egypt’s agrarian cycle. During the
first phase, the Egyptians would sow diligently for seven years, as this would be
a time of great fertility and abundance (R). The second phase would bring seven
hard [years], that is, a time of dearth that would be exceedingly difficult for
people (R). Joseph proposed to store up much of the harvest during the first
phase so that the people would have food during the second phase. The year of
succor during which people will press [wine and oil] refers to the last year of the
cycle, which would be a blessed year of much bounty for the people of Egypt
(R); the pressing of oil and wine is an indication that there would be food in
abundance once again; cf. Genesis 41:25–36.
Nasr, Hossein (2015). Study Quran. http://www.islamicweblibrary.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/04/TheStudyQuran.pdf