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12:102-104

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Such is one of the stories of what happened unseen, which We reveal by inspiration unto thee; nor wast thou (present) with them then when they concerted their plans together in the process of weaving their plots.

Yet no faith will the greater part of mankind have, however ardently thou dost desire it.

And no reward dost thou ask of them for this: it is no less than a message for all creatures.


Ibn Kathir writes,

This Story is a Revelation from Allah

Allah says;

That is of the news of the Ghayb (Unseen) which We
reveal to you.


Allah narrated to Muhammad, peace be upon him,
the story of Yusuf and his brothers and how Allah
raised him over them, giving him the better end,
triumph, the sovereignty and wisdom (i.e.,
Prophethood), even though they tried to harm
and kill him.


Allah said, `This and similar stories are part of
the unseen incidents of the past, O Muhammad,
(which We reveal to you) and inform you
of, O Muhammad, because it carries a lesson, for
you to draw from and a reminder to those who
defy you.’

Allah said next,

`You were not (present) with them,
you did not witness their conference nor saw
them,

when they arranged their plan together,
to throw Yusuf into the well,

and (while) they were plotting.
against him. We taught you all this through Our
Revelation which We sent down to you.’
Allah said in other Ayat,

You were not with them, when they cast
lots with their pens.

And you were not on the western side,
when We made clear to Musa the
commandment… (28:44) until,

And you were not at the side of the Tur
when We did call. (28:46)
Allah also said,

And you were not a dweller among the
people of Madyan, reciting Our verses to
them. (28:45)

Allah states that Muhammad is His Messenger and that
He has taught him the news of what occurred in the
past, which carry lessons for people to draw from, so
that they acquire their safety in their religious affairs as
well as their worldly affairs. Yet, most people did not and
will not believe, so Allah said,

And most of mankind will not believe even if you desire it
eagerly.
Allah said in similar Ayat,

And if you obey most of those on the earth, they
will mislead you far away from Allah’s path.
(6:116)

Verily, in this is an Ayah, yet most of them are
not believers. (26:8)

Allah said next,

And no reward you ask of them for it;
Allah says, `You, O Muhammad, do not ask them
in return for this advice and your call to all that is
good and righteous, for any price or
compensation for delivering it. Rather, you do so
seeking Allah’s Face and to deliver good and
sincere advice to His creatures,

it (the Qur’an) is no less than a Reminder unto the
`Alamin (men and Jinn).
with which they remember, receive guidance and
save themselves in this life and the Hereafter.’

References:

Kathir, Ibn. Tafsir Ibn Kathir. (Surah 12 verses 102-104). https://ia803208.us.archive.org/22/items/TafseerIbnKathirenglish114SurahsComplete/002BaqarahI.pdf

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