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12:89 Yusuf reveals his identity

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He said: “Know ye how ye dealt with Joseph and his brother, not knowing (what ye were doing)?”

Ibn Kathir writes,

Yusuf reveals His True Identity to His Brothers and forgives

Allah says, when Yusuf’s brothers told him about the afflictions
and hardship, and shortages in food they suffered from in the
aftermath of the drought that struck them, and he remembered
his father’s grief for losing his two children, he felt compassion,
pity and mercy for his father and brothers. He felt this way,
especially since he was enjoying kingship, authority and power,
so he cried and revealed his true identity to them when he
asked them,

He said: “Do you know what you did with Yusuf and his
brother, when you were ignorant!

meaning, `when you separated between Yusuf
and his brother,’

when you were ignorant!
He said, `What made you do this is your
ignorance of the tremendous sin you were about
to commit.’
It appears, and Allah knows best, that Yusuf
revealed his identity to his brothers only then by
Allah’s command, just as he hid his identity from
them in the first two meetings, by Allah’s
command. When the affliction became harder,
Allah sent His relief from that affliction, just as He
said He does,

Verily, along with every hardship is relief.
Verily, along with every hardship is relief.
This is when they said to Yusuf

Are you indeed Yusuf,
in amazement, because they had been meeting
him for more than two years while unaware of
who he really was. Yet, he knew who they were
and hid this news from them. Therefore, they
asked in astonishment,

Are you indeed Yusuf! He said: “I am Yusuf, and
this is my brother…”
Yusuf said next,

`Allah has indeed been gracious to us.
by gathering us together after being separated all
this time,’

“Verily, he who has Taqwa, and is patient, then surely,
Allah makes not the reward of the good doers to be
They said: “By Allah! Indeed Allah has preferred you
above us.”
They affirmed Yusuf’s virtue above them, being
blessed with beauty, conduct, richness, kingship,
authority and, above all, Prophethood.

and we certainly have been sinners.”
They admitted their error and acknowledged that
they made a mistake against him,

He said: “No reproach on you this day.”
He said to them, `There will be no blame for you
today or admonishment, and I will not remind you
after today of your error against me.’
He then multiplied his generosity by invoking Allah for
them for mercy,

may Allah forgive you, and He is the Most Merciful of
those who show mercy!


Kathir, Ibn. Tafsir Ibn Kathir. (Surah 12 verse 89).

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