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One day the earth will be changed to a different earth, and so will be the heavens, and (men) will be marshalled forth, before Allah, the One, the Irresistible;

Whether the universe rises again phoenix-like from the singularity is not known. Should the universe rise again, Carl Sagan asks: what would be the nature and properties of the new universe? Would the laws of physics and chemistry, that would govern the new universe, be different? In the universe that springs out of the Big Crunch, would there be stars and galaxies and world, or something quite different?

One wonders whether the previously cited ayath describing the scroll answers the above questions: The day when We shall roll up the heaven as a scroll is rolled for writings; as We originated first creation, so We shall bring it back again—a promise binding on Us; So We shall do. (Qur’an 21:104)

The literal meaning of the verse above suggests a new universe will spring out of the singularity. Similarly, the following verse could be the answer to Carl Sagan’s questions.

On the day when earth is changed into different earth and heavens into new heavens, Mankind shall stand before God, the One, who conquers all. (Qur’an 14:48)

The verse suggests that, after the Big Crunch, the newly created universe will be based on new laws of physics and chemistry and maybe different mathematics. Two plus two may not become four.

References:

Shanavas, T.O.. Creation And/Or Evolution: an Islamic Perspective: An Islamic View of Creation . Xlibris US. Kindle Edition.

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