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29:8 We have enjoined on man kindness to parents

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We have enjoined on man kindness to parents: but if they (either of them) strive (to force) thee to join with Me (in worship) anything of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not. Ye have (all) to return to me, and I will tell you (the truth) of all that ye did.

(And We have instructed man – 29:8). Wasiyyah
means to call someone for some action, when the call is based on advice
and well wishing. (Mazhari)

(to do good to his parents – 29:8). The Word Husn is an
infinitive which means ‘ to be good’. What is meant here is to adopt good
behavior. The meaning of the sentence is quite clear that Allah Ta’la has
advised man to treat his parents kindly.

(And if they insist upon you that you should ascribe partners to Me – 29:8). It should be taken note of that the limit of kind treatment with parents should not go beyond the point where it comes in
conflict with the injunctions of Allah Ta’ala. If they force toward infidelity
or associating some one with Allah, then they must not be obeyed, as advised in a hadith (A created being must not be
obeyed in disobedience of the Creator). This hadith has been reported by Imam
Ahmad and Hakim who has held it as Sahih.

This verse was revealed in connection with Sayyidna Sa’d Ibn Abi
Waqqas (RA). He was one of the ten companions to whom the Holy Prophet
(S) had given the good news of being in paradise, and who are called
Al-‘Ashrah Al-mubashsharah. He was an extremely obedient son of his
mother and was always alert to look after her comfort. When his mother,
Hamnah bint Abi Sufyan, learnt that her son, Sa’d, had accepted Islam,
she got very upset and warned him against that, and then swore an oath
that she would neither eat nor drink unless he turned back to his
ancestral religion, or she would die of thirst and hunger, and he would be
blamed universally for being the killer of his mother. (Muslim, Tirmidhi).
Through this Qur’anic verse Sayyidna Sa’d (RA) was commanded not to
listen to his mother.

Baghawi has reported in his narration that the mother of Sayyidna
Sa’d (RA) did not eat and drink for a day and night, and according to some
other versions, for three days and three nights, and sticking to her oath,
remained hungry and thirsty. For Sayyidna Sa’d (RA) mother’s love and
obedience was one thing, but Allah’s command was another, which
naturally took precedence over every thing else. So he went to her and
said to her firmly ‘Dear mother, if there were hundred spirits in your
body, and they were departing one by one, I would not have deserted my
religion even seeing that scenario. It is now up to you whether you eat
and drink or die. In any case I cannot abandon my religion’. Having been
disappointed by his firmness, she started eating food.

References:

Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .6 surah 29 verse 8)English-MaarifulQuran-MuftiShafiUsmaniRA-Vol-6.pdf (islamicweblibrary.com)

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