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we bestowed (in the past) Wisdom on Luqman: “Show (thy) gratitude to Allah.” Any who is (so) grateful does so to the profit of his own soul: but if any is ungrateful, verily Allah is free of all wants, Worthy of all praise.

The sage Luqman, after whom this Surah is
called, belongs to Arab tradition. Very little is known of
his life. He is usually associated with a long life, and his
title is Mu’ammar (the long-lived). He is referred by
some to the age of the ‘Ad people, for whom see n. 1040
to 7:65. He is the type of perfect wisdom.
It is said that he belonged to a humble station in life,
being a slave or a carpenter, and that he refused worldly
power and a kingdom.
Many instructive apologies are credited to him, similar to
,’Esop’e Fables in Greek tradition. The identification of
Luqman and Aesop has no historical foundation, though
it is true that the traditions about them have influenced
each other.


Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. (surah 31 verse 12)Quran Arabic with English Translation & Commentary (Tafsir) by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Free Download (

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