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31:14 (hear the command), “Show gratitude to Me and to thy parents: to Me is (thy final) Goal.

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And We have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents: in travail upon travail did his mother bear him, and in years twain was his weaning: (hear the command), “Show gratitude to Me and to thy parents: to Me is (thy final) Goal.

Now, at this place, where command has been given to be grateful to
parents and fulfill their rights, also pointed out is its efficient cause. Is it
not that one’s mother has undergone great trial in the phenomena of his
or her life and survival? She has kept the child in her body for nine
months remaining vigilant and protective all the time. Because of this,
day by day, her weakness and discomfort kept increasing. This she
braved through. Then, even after the birth of the child, she handled the
task of feeding the child, a task that demanded painstaking attention day
and night and which also added to the already receding graph of her
weakness. Since, it is the mother who faces most of the hardship in
bringing up the child, therefore, the right of mother has been made to
precede even the right of father in the Shari’ah of Islam. What has been
said in: (And We commanded man [to be good] about his parents. His mother carried him
facing weakness after weakness, and his weaning is in two years – 14)
comes to mean exactly this. After that, in: (And if they force you 15), it was pointed out that the matter of ascribing anyone other than Allah with Him is serious. In it, even the (otherwise essential) obedience
to parents is haram (unlawful).


Shafi, Muhammad (2008). Maariful Quran. (Vol .6 surah 31 verse 14). English-MaarifulQuran-MuftiShafiUsmaniRA-Vol-7.pdf (

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