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Allah has indeed heard (and accepted) the statement of the woman who pleads with thee concerning her husband and carries her complaint (in prayer) to Allah: and Allah (always) hears the arguments between both sides among you: for Allah hears and sees (all things).

The immediate occasion was what happened to
Khaula bint Thalaba, wife of Aus son of Samit. Though in
Islam, he divorced her by an old Pagan custom: the
formula was known as Zihar, and consisted of the words
“Thou art to me as the back of my mother”.
This was hold by Pagan custom to imply a divorce and
freed the husband from any responsibility for conjugal
duties. Such a custom was in any case degrading to a
woman. It was particularly hard on Khaula, for she loved
her husband and pleaded that she had little children
whom she had no resources herself to support. She
urged her plea to the Prophet and in prayer to Allah. Her
just plea was accepted, and this iniquitous custom,
based on false words, was abolished.

References:

Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. (surah 58 verse 1. Quran Arabic with English Translation & Commentary (Tafsir) by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Free Download (quran4u.com)

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