Like those who lately preceded them, they have tasted the evil result of their conduct; and (in the Hereafter there is) for them a grievous Penalty;-
The immediate reference was probably to the
Jewish goldsmith tribe of the Qaynuqa, who were also
settled in a fortified township near Madinah. They were
also punished and banished for their treachery, about a
month after the battle of Badr, in which the Makkan
Pagans had suffered a signal defeat, in Shawwal, A.H. 2.
The Nadir evidently did not take that lesson to heart.
The general meaning is that we must learn to be on our
guard against the consequences of treachery and sin. No
fortuitous alliances with other men of iniquity will save
Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. (surah 59 verse 15 Quran Arabic with English Translation & Commentary (Tafsir) by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Free Download (quran4u.com)