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By the (Winds) sent forth one after another (to man’s profit);

This Sura begins with an appeal to five things,
as pointing to the substantive statement in verse 7, that
the Day of Justice and Judgment is bound to come, and
we must prepare for it. It is difficult to translate, but
easy to understand, if we remember that a triple thread
of allegory runs through this passage (verses 1-7). The
five things or phases, which will be presently considered
in detail, refer to
a. Winds in the physical world,
b. Angels in the Kingdom of Allah, and
c. Prophets in the human world, connecting it with the
Kingdom of Allah.


Understanding the reference to Winds, we can
see that they are powerful factors in the government of
the physical world.

  1. They come gently as harbingers of the blessings of
    rain and fertility (15:22; 30:48); but
  2. they can come as violent tornadoes, uprooting and
    destroying (51:41-42);
  3. they can scatter seeds far and wide, and
  4. they can separate chaff from grain, or clear the air
    from epidemics; and
  5. they literally carry sound, and therefore Messages.
    All these things point to the power and goodness of
    Allah, and we are asked to believe that His promise
    of Mercy and Justice in the Hereafter is indeed true.
    Cf. this passage with 51:1-6 (Al Dharriyat) with which it
    has many affinities,

References:

Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. (surah 77 verse 1) Quran Arabic with English Translation & Commentary (Tafsir) by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Free Download (quran4u.com)

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