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Say: I seek refuge with the Lord and Cherisher of Mankind,

The previous Surah pointed to the necessity of
seeking Allah’s protection against external factors which
might affect an individual.
Here the need of protection from internal factors,
mankind being viewed as a whole, is pointed out. For
this reason the threefold relation in which man stands to
Allah is mentioned, as explained in the next note.

Man’s relation to Allah may be viewed in three
aspects:

  1. Allah is his Lord, Maker, and Cherisher; Allah sustains
    him and cares for him; He provides him with all the
    means for his growth and development, and for his
    protection against evil;
  2. Allah is his king or ruler; more than any earthly king,
    Allah has authority to guide man’s conduct, and lead
    him to ways which will make for his welfare; and He
    has given him laws; and
  3. Allah is He to Whom mankind must return, to give an
    account of all their deeds in this life (2:156)-, Allah will
    be the Judge-, He is the goal of the Hereafter, and the
    only Being entitled to man’s worship at any time.
    From all these aspects man could and should seek Allah’s
    protection against evil

References:

Yusuf Ali, Abdullah. Translation and Commentary of the Quran. (surah 114 verse 1) Quran Arabic with English Translation & Commentary (Tafsir) by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, Free Download (quran4u.com)

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